The rainy season is known to bring along with it many things and road fatalities just happen to be one of those that cannot be accepted. This is according to Traffic Chief Linden Isles, who on Friday appealed to drivers to be extra careful on the wet roads.Traffic Chief Linden IslesThe Traffic Chief explained to this publication that road accidents and fatalities have increased for this year. This was seen when figures were compared with those for last year for the same period.“We had 35 accidents with 39 deaths last year up to today’s date and in 2019, we got 38 accidents with 40 deaths, an increase of accidents by eight per cent and deaths by two per cent,” he said.In light of this, the Traffic Chief is calling on all road users to be careful on the wet roadways.“When the road surface is wet, there is less friction between the tyres and the roadway so if brakes is applied vehicles tend to skid and the drivers tend sometimes to drive in water that causes water to spill on pedestrians and we know that while inclement weather is on, we have to reduce our speed because braking distance, when brakes is applied the vehicle will travel a longer distance before it can come to a standstill,” he explained.The Traffic Chief made specific reference to the fact that extra care must be exercised at night when it rains as the drivers’ visibility will be affected.“Because of the weather the vision is reduced so I would urge them to reduce speed and be more careful, think of the five C’s. Care, caution, consideration, courtesy and common sense. Especially at nights because the vision would be far more less because of the weather so they will have to drive within their lights, don’t try to outdrive their lights,” he cautioned.On Tuesday last, Guyana Times reported that one man died while two were left in a serious condition after the minibus in which they were travelling plunged into a trench at Garden of Eden, East Bank Demerara. The dead man was identified as 34-year-old Michael Cozier of Lot 3 Charlestown, Georgetown.Based on reports received, the accident occurred at about 22:50h as the minibus, bearing registration number BXX 3014 was heading to Georgetown at a fast rate of speed and while in the vicinity of the Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Army Corps, the driver lost control.This resulted in the minibus toppling several times before coming to a halt in the trench. At the time of the accident, there were reportedly seven passengers in the minibus including a Police Constable, Linden Charles, and Devon Benjamin.About a week prior, a 31-year-old office assistant of a mining company died after he reportedly lost control of the vehicle he was driving along the Rupert Craig Highway, East Coast Demerara.Dead is Videsh Lakeram Singh of Kitty, Georgetown, while his friend, Rakesh Ramsaroop, a customer service representative at Qualfon Communications, was nursing injuries at the Georgetown Public Hospital.Reports are Singh was speeding at about 23:00h that evening in the vicinity of Liliendaal, ECD, when he lost control of motorcar PLL 4706.According to the police, Singh’s vehicle was proceeding east along the northern lane of the northern carriageway at a fast rate of speed and while negotiating a turn, he lost control of the motorcar. The vehicle veered north into a nearby drain and toppled several times before coming to a halt.Several other fatalities were recorded during April.
The impact forced the two cars into a third car. The 73-year-old Halberstam, on his way to an interview, was wearing a seat belt, the coroner’s official said. Halberstam had spoken Saturday night at the University of California at Berkeley on “Turning Journalism into History.” Orville Schell, the dean of Berkeley’s graduate school of journalism, said in an e-mail Monday afternoon that Halberstam was on his way to an interview for his next book, about the Korean War, at the time of the crash. “I have spoken with David’s wife in New York City, extended the condolences of the whole school and offered to do everything that we can in this difficult time for her and their family,” Schell said in his e-mail. MENLO PARK – Pulitzer Prize-winning author and journalist David Halberstam was killed in a three-car crash Monday in Menlo Park, the San Mateo County Coroner’s Office announced. Halberstam, author of several books, died at the scene after the car in which he was a front-seat passenger was hit broadside by another vehicle. A coroner’s official said he died of massive internal injuries. The driver of the car that Halberstam was in was attempting to make a left turn when it was hit by an oncoming car. Schell said he told Halberstam’s wife that Halberstam “had given a truly inspired talk here at Berkeley and that we had had a lovely dinner with him afterwards.” A first-year graduate student, Kevin Jones, who was in the car with Halberstam, sustained a punctured lung in the crash and was taken to the Stanford Medical Center, Schell said. A graduate of Harvard University, Halberstam began his journalism career at the Daily Times Leader in West Point, Miss., according to a biography on his agent’s Web site. His reporting on the Vietnam War angered President Kennedy, who asked the New York Times to transfer him to another bureau. Halberstam later won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of the war. Halberstam wrote 15 bestsellers, including “The Best and the Brightest,” on the Vietnam War; “Summer of ’49,” on the 1949 pennant race between the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox; and his latest book, “The Education of a Coach,” on New England Patriots coach Bill Belichick. His next book, “The Coldest Winter,” was to be an account of a battle of the Korean War. Halberstam lived in New York next to a fire station. He wrote a bestseller, “Firehouse,” on that local fire station, which lost 12 men in the Sept. 11, 2001, attack. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Marseille star Andre Ayew Liverpool are set to lose out to Roma in the race to sign Marseille winger Andre Ayew.Ayew, whose contract with the French club expires at the end of the season, will join the Giallorossi in the summer on a free transfer.According to Sky Italia, the Ghanaian international will be offered a three-year contract worth around £2m per year.Liverpool were keen on signing Ayew as they look to bolster their attacking options in the close season.The 25-year-old was open to a potential move to Merseyside but with Liverpool’s chances of reaching the Champions League all but over, it is thought Ayew has turned his attentions to completing a move to Italy. 1
Alan Wylie, Jnr, Alan Wylie, Snr. and Trevor Wylie (right) present Eamon McDevitt, Good and New Chairity shop with €13,905 euros raised on the Wylie Family Tractor Run held in September and dance at the Clanree Hotel on Friday night. Pic Clive WassonDrivers and supporters with Eamon McDevitt, Good and New Chairity shop who received a cheque for €13,905 raised on the Wylie Family Tractor Run held in September and dance at the held in the Clanree Hotel on Friday night. Pic Clive Wasson WYLIE TRACTOR RUN RAISES €14K FOR CANCER BUS SERVICE – PIC SPECIAL was last modified: November 21st, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:cancer busGood and New CharityWylie Tractor Run
A DONEGAL man caught ‘diffing’ a car had his mother as the front seat passenger at the time.Gardaí observed a large plume of white smoke, risen by a Lexus car which was diffing on the road. The vehicle attempted to leave via a side road, but collided with an embankment. Sergeant Jim Collins said the car had temporarily launched sideways into the air as it collided before coming to a rest.Eunan O’Donnell (23) of Magherabuoy, Letterkenny was before Letterkenny District Court in connection with the incident on July 17, 2018.Gardaí questioned O’Donnell, the driver of the vehicle, whose mother was in the passenger seat.Solicitor for O’Donnell, Mr Kieran O’Gorman, said: “His mother asked him what diffing was and he was showing her.”Judge Paul Kelly adjourned the matter until the December 2 sitting of the court.‘Diffing’ man claims he was demonstrating for mother, who was passenger was last modified: November 7th, 2019 by Chris McNultyShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DiffingEunan O’DonnellJudge Paul KellyletterkennyLetterkenny District Court
Yes, Horse. Michael OwenSOCCER star Shay Given got retired player Michael Owen to ‘speak Donegal’ on Twitter tonight.The former Liverpool, Manchester United and Real Madrid striker announced his retirement from football today.And he was inundated with messages from fellow professionals around the world. But Lifford man Shay made sure his greeting had a very Donegal feel about it….calling the striker HORSE!Shay tweeted to Owen: “Congrats horse @themichaelowen on an amazing career . I’ll be 1 of many GKs that will be happy to see the back of u on a football pitch.”And Owen quickly responded: “@No1shaygiven Cheers horse, kind words from a top man.”Former England striker Michael Owen is to retire from football at the end of the season. He is currently with Stoke City. He said: “It is with an immense amount of pride that I am announcing my intention to retire.”He has scored 220 goals in his club career, winning the Premier League, FA Cup, League Cup (three times) and Uefa Cup. Owen was also named European Footballer of the Year in 2001 – the first Englishman to achieve the accolade since Kevin Keegan in 1979. HOW SHAY GIVEN GOT MICHAEL OWEN TO ‘SPEAK DONEGAL’ was last modified: March 19th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:HOW SHAY GIVEN GOT MICHAEL OWEN TO ‘SPEAK DONEGAL’
ESPN3 Evansville (2-5-5, 0-1-1 MVC) won its last game, a 1-0 decision over Lipscomb, on Oct. 9. Ben Weber leads Evansville in goals at three, and two those have been game-winners. Drake leads the all-time series,16-14-2 over Evansville. Story Links EVANSVILLE, Ind. – The Drake University men’s soccer team hits the road this weekend as it heads to Indiana to face Evansville at 5 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 13. The game will be broadcast on ESPN3. Drake (6-3-1, 1-0-1 MVC) has endured an unexpected extended break due to inclement weather when the team’s scheduled home match against Omaha on Oct. 6 was cancelled. The Bulldogs hope to pick up where they left off before the break when they edged Central Arkansas, 1-0, on Sept. 30. Following Saturday’s road match, Drake stays on the road as it visits Dekalb, Ill. to face Northern Illinois at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 16 in the team’s final non-conference match. Print Friendly Version Live Stats
(Visited 358 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The intuitive solution to a problem can be actually more harmful than the problem itself.H. L. Mencken said of explanations, “there is always a well-known solution to every human problem — neat, plausible, and wrong.” Here are a couple of examples.The mixed effects of online diversity training (PNAS). Many dread having to undergo “diversity training” at work. Such training, common in corporations and academia, assume that human beings need their attitudes fixed, because politically-incorrect biases have been inherited from the parents or from childhood. What better solution than to hold classes that can teach the offenders to accept “diversity and inclusion” attitudes from leftist elitists who just want to “help” people? Chang et al believe in the value of such training, but they were perplexed to find that results were mixed. In their study of 3,016 people who had undergone the training, a lot of people did not change their attitudes:Although diversity training is commonplace in organizations, the relative scarcity of field experiments testing its effectiveness leaves ambiguity about whether diversity training improves attitudes and behaviors toward women and racial minorities. We present the results of a large field experiment with an international organization testing whether a short online diversity training can affect attitudes and workplace behaviors. Although we find evidence of attitude change and some limited behavior change as a result of our training, our results suggest that the one-off diversity trainings that are commonplace in organizations are not panaceas for remedying bias in the workplace.In particular, the researchers found that such training had “limited efficacy among those groups whose behaviors policymakers are most eager to influence.” The diversity police may just have to resort to old-fashioned methods: electroshock, drugs and lobotomy.Banning exotic leather in fashion hurts snakes and crocodiles in the long run (Natusch, Webb and Shine, The Conversation). There ought to be a law! The knee-jerk reaction of politicians rushes to the obvious solution: when a resource is threatened, ban all exploitation of it. It’s a big issue in conservation these days when endangered species teeter on the brink of extinction. Is it possible that such actions do more harm than good? Consider this case: ban all exotic leather! Crocodiles are threatened!We are all familiar with the concept of “fake news”: stories that are factually incorrect, but succeed because their message fits well with the recipient’s prior beliefs.We and our colleagues in conservation science warn that a form of this misinformation – so-called “feelgood conservation” – is threatening approaches for wild animal management that have been developed by decades of research.The issue came to a head in February when major UK-based retailer Selfridges announced it would no longer sell “exotic” skins – those of reptile species such as crocodiles, lizards and snakes – in order to protect wild populations from over-exploitation.But this decision is not supported by evidence.As they explain, “feelgood conservation” can backfire, by harming those with an interest in preserving the animals – the local people who sell the skins! Honest sellers (not the poachers who rush in to another country and kill elephants for their ivory or rhinos for their horns and leave) depend for their livelihood on being able to sell crocodile hides for profit. They are not going to deplete their resources. They often work hard to ensure plenty of crocodiles and snakes survive, so that a steady supply can sustain their business.How can this be? Isn’t conserving animals better than killing them for products? What do these guys mean that stopping trade in exotic skins will be a disaster for the animals themselves? Isn’t this a sleazy business? Think like a businessman here:Actually, no. You have to look past the fate of the individual animal and consider the future of the species. Commercial harvesting gives local people – often very poor people – a direct financial incentive to conserve reptile populations and the habitats upon which they depend.If lizards, snakes and (especially) crocodiles aren’t worth money to you, why would you want to keep them around, or to protect the forests and swamps that house them?The three conservationists end by saying the proposed cure is worse than the disease: “The ban announced by Selfridges is a disastrous move that could imperil some of the world’s most spectacular wild animals and alienate the people living with them.”The lesson is that critical thinking means opening one’s mind to think beyond the solutions that look clear, simple, and wrongI remember a “diversity training” quiz that everyone at NASA/JPL had to take after the lab opened a “Diversity and Inclusion” department. The quiz was dressed up in cutesy cartoons, explaining things like why you shouldn’t call your holiday party a “Christmas Party” because it might offend somebody. Most people I spoke with thought the exercise was stupid. It was demeaning and insulted their intelligence. And since each quiz item only allowed one right answer, it smelled elitist, not allowing any rational discussion about any of the multiple-choice questions, but demanding conformity of thought. Who were these do-gooders over in another building telling us how to behave, as if we didn’t already know? And what happens if we answer incorrectly? Do we get put on a suspicion list? One can see multiple ways that this “feelgood” exercise could have aroused more strife than inclusion.The “best” answer was to expunge all traces of Christmas. Exercise: Apply this lesson to current worries of today: climate change, fossil fuels, renewable energy, endangered species, national monuments, foreign aid, etc. Just as critical thinking must not jump to the simple solution, it must not also leap to the opposite conclusion. People and their politicians must learn to think past the “feelgood” response and consider the long-term effects of their choices. Sometimes the poorest people suffer the most.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Only a couple more mild days before we turn markedly colder Today looks very nice, with temps above normal, winds slowly switching around to the west-southwest, and a decent amount of sunshine. However, tomorrow, even though we stay mild, we have clouds starting to push in and we have to keep the umbrellas handy, as scattered, light precipitation develops. We are looking at a few hundredths to no more than a tenth in spots, and coverage will be 50% or less, but still, it’s a change in the overall pattern.We continue to focus on Friday night as things start to get more active. We are tweaking the forecast some for the rains on Saturday, as they do not make it as far south, but still have the potential to be strong to the south, if thunderstorms can develop. Scattered showers pick up in intensity over southern Indiana and moisture spreads north. However, we see the best moisture staying farther south this morning, because the best thunderstorm threat looks to develop over eastern KY into WV. The heavy, 1.5” inch rains stay south of the Ohio River. Combined, we will lower the bottom end of the range to .1” in NW Ohio and leave the top end up near 1.25” in far south central Ohio for now. The map above is a new look at combined potential action through Saturday.Sunday (Christmas Eve), much colder air is blasting into the state. The first half of the day is dry, but we see moisture arriving Sunday night, and it continues into Christmas Day on Monday. In the cold air, we are looking at all snow. Right now the snows look a little better. We are still about 12-24 hours removed from releasing our official totals, but we could see a few inches in there, enough for a white Christmas in many parts of the state. Some models are much more zealous than others on the snow, but we feel confident that at least 60% of the state sees snow accumulations from Sunday night into the first half of Monday. Christmas afternoon will be dry, and we may see some sunshine returning. Still, the bigger story is the cold air that arrives and stays then all through the week.We are dry and very cold for Tuesday through Thursday. Temps will be well below normal. Then a clipper system rotates through the state for Thursday night and Friday, bringing potential for several inches of snow. This will be ahead of a stronger system lifting out of the southern plains for the start of New Year’s weekend. Temperatures remain very cold right on through into the New Year.In the extended period, we have another clipper for late the 1st into the 2nd that brings snows out of the Great Lakes right across the region. WE follow that with a cold front for the 3rd into the 4th that can also trigger several inches of snow. The cold holds through at least the first third of January.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt ReeseIn July, interested parties from around Ohio gathered at Stone Lab on Lake Erie to hear about the science behind the Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecast for Lake Erie in 2018. At the event, Laura Johnson, Director of the National Center for Water Quality Research from Heidelberg University, reported that phosphorus loading in rural waterways has not changed much in recent years since the sharp increases that began in the mid-1990s.“What we have been finding out of the Maumee River hasn’t changed a whole lot over the past 5 to 10 years. We are still getting the same concentrations that we have gotten in the recent past, but that doesn’t mean we are not making progress. There is a lot of effort going into practices that most folks would say are the practices we need to focus on like nutrient management plans, not applying on frozen ground, drainage water management, 4R certification — these are all moving in the right directions. There has been an awful lot of implementation, but we need more,” Johnson said. “The other question that is really important is has there been enough time to tell if these practices are doing their thing? I would argue that is not the case. We are talking about something that took years to get to. I would argue that we just haven’t had enough time and people need to be patient. We wouldn’t expect to see changes this quickly. We have to remember that there are more practices going into place and more funding going into those practices. We also have to remember that it takes time not only for the practices to go into place but for them to lead to these reduced phosphorus levels coming out of the Maumee River and to reduce algal bloom size in Lake Erie.”Hancock County grain and hog farmer Duane Stateler agrees, based on what he has been seeing on his farm since 2017. Stateler is one of three farmers with acreage included in the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms Network to conduct edge of field water monitoring research. The research is a joint effort of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation collaborating with the Natural Resources Conservation Service and a number of stakeholders. The project looks at surface and tile runoff from the farm and nutrient losses, among other things. One reason the Stateler farm was selected for the program was its relatively high phosphorus soil test levels.With all of the #WaterDrama18 that has unfolded this summer, Stateler has been at the forefront of the discussion and served as a strong voice of reason for Ohio agriculture based on his first hand experiences on the farm. When Ohio’s legislators gathered in opposition to executive orders from Gov. John Kasich pushing for distressed watershed designations in northwest Ohio, Stateler was at the microphone. Stateler again provided comments at the Ohio Soil and Water Conservation Commission meeting where it was decided to send the distressed watershed designation discussion to a subcommittee for further review. His statements made a powerful argument to buy agriculture more time in the face of looming regulations.Stateler, and many in agriculture, are hoping cooler heads prevail in the water quality discussions to allow time for learning through the demonstration farms and other research and for more practices to be implemented and given a chance to work.The edge of field testing looks at both surface and tile run-off.Statelers raise corn, soybeans and wheat on approximately 600 acres in Hancock County and also operate a 7,200 head wean to finish swine operation. They have already learned plenty from the edge of field research being done on 243 acres of their farm through the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms Network. First, Stateler points out that, after studying the data generated from 2017, his farm is indeed losing nutrients.“They always told us that once you put phosphorus in the soil it doesn’t move. We just assumed that it was always there,” Stateler said. “When we put in the edge of field equipment, we found that we had P leaving.”Manure supplies all of the phosphorus (and other nutrient needs). No commercial fertilizer has been used on the farm since 2006. The nitrogen needs for the corn on the farm are supplied by manure, 15 gallons of 28% 2-by-2 at planting and 75 to 100 pounds at sidedressing.Hog manure from the farm was applied for the 2017 crop in early November of 2016 at a rate of 5,000 gallons per acre. The manure was applied with a GenTill system that roughs up the surface of the field (similar to an AerWay) and broadcasts the manure on the surface. There was about an inch of rain in December following the manure application. Edge of field data collection began Jan. 1, 2017.2017 phosphorus loss on the Stateler farm (with Duane’s rainfall amounts added)Through most of the year, nutrient losses were minimal. For 318 days of 2017, the Stateler farm averaged a loss of .075 pounds per acre of dissolved reactive phosphorus and a .24 pounds per acre of total phosphorus load, which is below the desired target of .26 pounds per acre per year set by the Ohio Phosphorus Task Force. The problem, however, was the other 47 days of 2017.“The results for the other 47 days were so bad that the average for the total time period resulted in losses of .54 to 1.9 pounds of dissolved reactive phosphorus per acre and a 2.8- to 5-pound per acre total P load. The target we are shooting for is under .26 dissolved reactive phosphorus and under 1 pound total P load loss per acre for the year,” he said. “We can do a pretty good job even with our high P soil test for the majority of the year but we can also have two-plus years worth of phosphorus loss in just 47 days.”Numerous large rain events caused the losses. During that 47 days of significant nutrient losses there were seven major rain events of over 2 inches within a 24-hour period. The largest single rain amount was 4.1 inches. The biggest nutrient loss took place in early July, 8 months after the manure application with a growing corn crop in full tassel in the field.“Major rains are a piece of the pie. There are way more 2- and 3-inch rain events this decade in comparison to previous decades and we still have two years to go. With these big rains, we have to save every ounce of phosphorus possible because of the elements we can’t control,” Stateler said. “Still, my edge of field is telling me that I am losing less that what some people are saying. We’ve learned more than what I ever thought we’d learn.”Like phosphorus, the largest nitrogen losses in 2017 also occurred in July and November with another significant spike in May accompanied by big rains. The total per acre NO3 loss for 2017 on the Stateler farm was 104.407 pounds and the total nitrogen loss was just over 115 pounds per acre.There is no doubt that many questions remain with regard to nutrient loss from farms, but some answers are starting to emerge as well. First, careful attention to the 4Rs, starting with accurate grid soil testing, can do a number of positive things for minimizing nutrient loss.“Everyone needs to be aware of how much fertilizer can be lost when we do not use proper timing prior to a rain and the placement of nutrients as critical parts of the 4Rs,” Stateler said.In addition, managing the water leaving tile lines can have real value in water quality.“If we can manage the water leaving our tile we have seen that we can make a definite immediate impact on what we are losing,” Stateler said. “Across any tiled field, the 30 inches of soil does a pretty consistent job of pulling the P out regardless of soil type. Even though we are taking a lot of phosphorus out by the time it drains through 30 inches of soil profile and using that as a filter, we still have P coming out of our tile.”Nutrient losses from an open tile can be fairly consistent through the year compared to the large dramatic spikes of losses from surface runoff with big rain events. To address the problem, Stateler has installed water control structures that can close the tile off completely or raise and lower the water table between the surface of the field and tile level. The nutrient loss reductions through the tile lines have been significant.“If we can get by with drainage only three or four months a year we can slow that constant drip from the tile going into the streams,” Stateler said. “The water control structures on our farm were opened April 1 and were partially closed to set the water table 16 inches below the soil surface June 10 after sidedressing of the corn. The tile was closed off after harvest. If we can manage that water we are still losing nutrients out of the tile, but it is within the range of acceptable losses. We will spend about $4,000 for 50 more acres of controlled drainage structures. If we would get a 5% yield increase in a couple of dry years, it pays for itself.”In comparison, surface nutrient losses on Stateler’s farm were more dramatic than tile with the frequent and heavy rains in 2017 accounting for the majority of nutrient loss.“The surface losses are larger but in a shorter time duration,” he said. “And the surface loss issues are harder to control. If you get seven major rain events, you’re going to have some surface runoff. We can keep the ground covered, though. A cover crop can absorb nutrients and put them in the roots where the microbes can get to it and use it for the next crop. That reduces what we have leaving the field. It is amazing the difference a cover crop can make when it comes to reducing losses.”Recent research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (ARS) looking at edge of field research data show very significant reductions in nitrogen loss with a mustard cover crop. So far, cover crops have not been used on the Stateler’s portion of the Demonstration Farms.“The use of cover crops is going to have to increase. We have so far run the baseline with our edge of field research without cover crops,” he said. “So, when we put cover crops on next year we can get a handle on what is happening pretty quickly. Cover crops will be the first variable we change in our edge of field research.”The Statelers also plan on adding deep incorporation of manure to assess the impacts on nutrient loss. ARS research has found a roughly 70% reduction in the concentration of dissolved reactive phosphorus in runoff when fertilizer is injected. With a baseline established with surface application of manure on the Stateler farm, they will start side-by-side comparisons with deep injection to see the results in the near future.With growing political pressure, Stateler emphasizes the need for broad and rapid adoption of these practices within Ohio agriculture.“The people in Toledo get to see this green water in the Lake, on their television and in the newspaper and they are living it. We have to make a major effort to understand what they have to live with. We have to be responsible on our end and if we don’t take it to heart it will be legislated to us. If this is legislated, this will immediately affect the smaller farmers more than the larger farmers. Larger farms can spread these costs out over more acres. I am afraid legislative action is going to hurt the smaller guys especially,” Stateler said. “There is no one thing that will solve this problem and it will take years to solve it. Incorporating nutrients will only influence the surface runoff and tile control structures are only feasible on maybe 40% of the tiled acreage. We can’t do cover crops on every acre because of rental agreements and so forth but where we can save any phosphorus, we have to do what we have to do to save it. We need 100% buy-in on this from agriculture.”