Ohio agriculture needs 100% involvement in water quality efforts

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt ReeseIn July, interested parties from around Ohio gathered at Stone Lab on Lake Erie to hear about the science behind the Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Forecast for Lake Erie in 2018. At the event, Laura Johnson, Director of the National Center for Water Quality Research from Heidelberg University, reported that phosphorus loading in rural waterways has not changed much in recent years since the sharp increases that began in the mid-1990s.“What we have been finding out of the Maumee River hasn’t changed a whole lot over the past 5 to 10 years. We are still getting the same concentrations that we have gotten in the recent past, but that doesn’t mean we are not making progress. There is a lot of effort going into practices that most folks would say are the practices we need to focus on like nutrient management plans, not applying on frozen ground, drainage water management, 4R certification — these are all moving in the right directions. There has been an awful lot of implementation, but we need more,” Johnson said. “The other question that is really important is has there been enough time to tell if these practices are doing their thing? I would argue that is not the case. We are talking about something that took years to get to. I would argue that we just haven’t had enough time and people need to be patient. We wouldn’t expect to see changes this quickly. We have to remember that there are more practices going into place and more funding going into those practices. We also have to remember that it takes time not only for the practices to go into place but for them to lead to these reduced phosphorus levels coming out of the Maumee River and to reduce algal bloom size in Lake Erie.”Hancock County grain and hog farmer Duane Stateler agrees, based on what he has been seeing on his farm since 2017. Stateler is one of three farmers with acreage included in the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms Network to conduct edge of field water monitoring research. The research is a joint effort of the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation collaborating with the Natural Resources Conservation Service and a number of stakeholders. The project looks at surface and tile runoff from the farm and nutrient losses, among other things. One reason the Stateler farm was selected for the program was its relatively high phosphorus soil test levels.With all of the #WaterDrama18 that has unfolded this summer, Stateler has been at the forefront of the discussion and served as a strong voice of reason for Ohio agriculture based on his first hand experiences on the farm. When Ohio’s legislators gathered in opposition to executive orders from Gov. John Kasich pushing for distressed watershed designations in northwest Ohio, Stateler was at the microphone. Stateler again provided comments at the Ohio Soil and Water Conservation Commission meeting where it was decided to send the distressed watershed designation discussion to a subcommittee for further review. His statements made a powerful argument to buy agriculture more time in the face of looming regulations.Stateler, and many in agriculture, are hoping cooler heads prevail in the water quality discussions to allow time for learning through the demonstration farms and other research and for more practices to be implemented and given a chance to work.The edge of field testing looks at both surface and tile run-off.Statelers raise corn, soybeans and wheat on approximately 600 acres in Hancock County and also operate a 7,200 head wean to finish swine operation. They have already learned plenty from the edge of field research being done on 243 acres of their farm through the Blanchard River Demonstration Farms Network. First, Stateler points out that, after studying the data generated from 2017, his farm is indeed losing nutrients.“They always told us that once you put phosphorus in the soil it doesn’t move. We just assumed that it was always there,” Stateler said. “When we put in the edge of field equipment, we found that we had P leaving.”Manure supplies all of the phosphorus (and other nutrient needs). No commercial fertilizer has been used on the farm since 2006. The nitrogen needs for the corn on the farm are supplied by manure, 15 gallons of 28% 2-by-2 at planting and 75 to 100 pounds at sidedressing.Hog manure from the farm was applied for the 2017 crop in early November of 2016 at a rate of 5,000 gallons per acre. The manure was applied with a GenTill system that roughs up the surface of the field (similar to an AerWay) and broadcasts the manure on the surface. There was about an inch of rain in December following the manure application. Edge of field data collection began Jan. 1, 2017.2017 phosphorus loss on the Stateler farm (with Duane’s rainfall amounts added)Through most of the year, nutrient losses were minimal. For 318 days of 2017, the Stateler farm averaged a loss of .075 pounds per acre of dissolved reactive phosphorus and a .24 pounds per acre of total phosphorus load, which is below the desired target of .26 pounds per acre per year set by the Ohio Phosphorus Task Force. The problem, however, was the other 47 days of 2017.“The results for the other 47 days were so bad that the average for the total time period resulted in losses of .54 to 1.9 pounds of dissolved reactive phosphorus per acre and a 2.8- to 5-pound per acre total P load. The target we are shooting for is under .26 dissolved reactive phosphorus and under 1 pound total P load loss per acre for the year,” he said. “We can do a pretty good job even with our high P soil test for the majority of the year but we can also have two-plus years worth of phosphorus loss in just 47 days.”Numerous large rain events caused the losses. During that 47 days of significant nutrient losses there were seven major rain events of over 2 inches within a 24-hour period. The largest single rain amount was 4.1 inches. The biggest nutrient loss took place in early July, 8 months after the manure application with a growing corn crop in full tassel in the field.“Major rains are a piece of the pie. There are way more 2- and 3-inch rain events this decade in comparison to previous decades and we still have two years to go. With these big rains, we have to save every ounce of phosphorus possible because of the elements we can’t control,” Stateler said. “Still, my edge of field is telling me that I am losing less that what some people are saying. We’ve learned more than what I ever thought we’d learn.”Like phosphorus, the largest nitrogen losses in 2017 also occurred in July and November with another significant spike in May accompanied by big rains. The total per acre NO3 loss for 2017 on the Stateler farm was 104.407 pounds and the total nitrogen loss was just over 115 pounds per acre.There is no doubt that many questions remain with regard to nutrient loss from farms, but some answers are starting to emerge as well. First, careful attention to the 4Rs, starting with accurate grid soil testing, can do a number of positive things for minimizing nutrient loss.“Everyone needs to be aware of how much fertilizer can be lost when we do not use proper timing prior to a rain and the placement of nutrients as critical parts of the 4Rs,” Stateler said.In addition, managing the water leaving tile lines can have real value in water quality.“If we can manage the water leaving our tile we have seen that we can make a definite immediate impact on what we are losing,” Stateler said. “Across any tiled field, the 30 inches of soil does a pretty consistent job of pulling the P out regardless of soil type. Even though we are taking a lot of phosphorus out by the time it drains through 30 inches of soil profile and using that as a filter, we still have P coming out of our tile.”Nutrient losses from an open tile can be fairly consistent through the year compared to the large dramatic spikes of losses from surface runoff with big rain events. To address the problem, Stateler has installed water control structures that can close the tile off completely or raise and lower the water table between the surface of the field and tile level. The nutrient loss reductions through the tile lines have been significant.“If we can get by with drainage only three or four months a year we can slow that constant drip from the tile going into the streams,” Stateler said. “The water control structures on our farm were opened April 1 and were partially closed to set the water table 16 inches below the soil surface June 10 after sidedressing of the corn. The tile was closed off after harvest. If we can manage that water we are still losing nutrients out of the tile, but it is within the range of acceptable losses. We will spend about $4,000 for 50 more acres of controlled drainage structures. If we would get a 5% yield increase in a couple of dry years, it pays for itself.”In comparison, surface nutrient losses on Stateler’s farm were more dramatic than tile with the frequent and heavy rains in 2017 accounting for the majority of nutrient loss.“The surface losses are larger but in a shorter time duration,” he said. “And the surface loss issues are harder to control. If you get seven major rain events, you’re going to have some surface runoff. We can keep the ground covered, though. A cover crop can absorb nutrients and put them in the roots where the microbes can get to it and use it for the next crop. That reduces what we have leaving the field. It is amazing the difference a cover crop can make when it comes to reducing losses.”Recent research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service (ARS) looking at edge of field research data show very significant reductions in nitrogen loss with a mustard cover crop. So far, cover crops have not been used on the Stateler’s portion of the Demonstration Farms.“The use of cover crops is going to have to increase. We have so far run the baseline with our edge of field research without cover crops,” he said. “So, when we put cover crops on next year we can get a handle on what is happening pretty quickly. Cover crops will be the first variable we change in our edge of field research.”The Statelers also plan on adding deep incorporation of manure to assess the impacts on nutrient loss. ARS research has found a roughly 70% reduction in the concentration of dissolved reactive phosphorus in runoff when fertilizer is injected. With a baseline established with surface application of manure on the Stateler farm, they will start side-by-side comparisons with deep injection to see the results in the near future.With growing political pressure, Stateler emphasizes the need for broad and rapid adoption of these practices within Ohio agriculture.“The people in Toledo get to see this green water in the Lake, on their television and in the newspaper and they are living it. We have to make a major effort to understand what they have to live with. We have to be responsible on our end and if we don’t take it to heart it will be legislated to us. If this is legislated, this will immediately affect the smaller farmers more than the larger farmers. Larger farms can spread these costs out over more acres. I am afraid legislative action is going to hurt the smaller guys especially,” Stateler said. “There is no one thing that will solve this problem and it will take years to solve it. Incorporating nutrients will only influence the surface runoff and tile control structures are only feasible on maybe 40% of the tiled acreage. We can’t do cover crops on every acre because of rental agreements and so forth but where we can save any phosphorus, we have to do what we have to do to save it. We need 100% buy-in on this from agriculture.”last_img read more

22 and through: Indians’ AL record win streak stopped at 22

first_imgCleveland Indians’ Francisco Lindor sits near second base after being forced out in a double play in the seventh inning of a baseball game against the Kansas City Royals, Friday, Sept. 15, 2017, in Cleveland. (AP Photo/David Dermer)CLEVELAND — The Cleveland Indians can return to clinching their division and playoff preparations.Their historic winning streak is, well, history.ADVERTISEMENT The Indians, who are already assured a playoff spot, not only broke the previous AL record of 20 held by the 2002 “Moneyball” Oakland Athletics, but they served notice that they well could be the team to beat in the postseason as they attempt to get back to the World Series and perhaps end their 68-year title drought after the Chicago Cubs halted their 108-year dryspell at Cleveland’s expense in 2016.With one last chance in the ninth, the Indians put the tying run on base before Royals reliever Mike Minor struck out the side for his first pro save, fanning Lindor on a pitch in the dirt for the final out.It was Lindor on Thursday night who had prolonged the streak with a two-out, two-strike RBI double in the ninth inning before Bruce doubled home the winning run in the 10th to give Cleveland win No. 22.That touched off a wild celebration, which shook Progressive Field and gave Cleveland fans a chance to get ready for bigger games to come.“I think it was appropriate. We haven’t lost a game in three weeks. We played a good game,” Cleveland outfielder Jay Bruce said. “It wasn’t like we got just blown out or anything. I think (it was important) to have a bit of a light-hearted attitude about it all, and not take it too hard, obviously, because we’re in a great position.“We just did something that, depending on who you ask, one or no teams have ever done. So, it’s one of those deals where we understand what the situation is, and this is not something that would happen very often.”For the better part of a month, the Indians had no equals.“What they did over there was amazing. I mean, it’s utterly amazing,” Royals manager Ned Yost said. “It’s just unfathomable for me that you can go three weeks without losing a game. I mean, it was a tremendous accomplishment.”“I mean, we’ve got a runner on first, two outs, two strikes on Lindor, and I told Jirsch (third base coach Mike Jirschele), ‘man, we’ve been here before.’ Luckily we got through it tonight,” he said.On their way to making AL history, the Indians romped through the league like no team has before. NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Cleveland had its AL record run stopped at 22 straight games on Friday night as the Indians were beaten 4-3 by the Kansas City Royals, who became the first team to conquer the defending league champions since Aug. 23.Jason Vargas (16-10) pitched into the sixth and Brandon Moss homered off Trevor Bauer (16-9) as the Royals, who were beaten five times by Cleveland over the past few weeks, ended baseball’s longest win streak in 101 years.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingThe Indians set a new league mark and came within four of matching the overall record held by the 1916 New York Giants, a 26-game string that included one tie.Despite the loss, Cleveland’s magic number for clinching the AL Central dropped to two following Minnesota’s loss to Toronto. Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ LATEST STORIES Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Jay-Z dedicates song to Colin Kaepernick at NYC concert They outscored opponents 145-41, led in all but 12 of 207 innings, hit 42 homers and captured the attention of baseball fans fixated on the hot-then-cold Los Angeles Dodgers, Houston Astros and seeing how far Giancarlo Stanton and Aaron Judge could hit homers.Francona kept his players focused throughout the streak, mindful that it could become too big. They’ll likely wrap it up this weekend and can start looking ahead to a postseason where the only streak that will matter is winning the last game they play.TRAINER’S ROOMRoyals: C Salvador Perez sat out with a pulled muscle in his side and is considered day-to-day. He was injured taking a swing Thursday. … RHP Joakim Soria is expected to join the team Saturday after returning to Arizona for the birth of his son.Indians: OF Lonnie Chisenall had his calf re-examined by the medical staff after leaving with tightness on Thursday night. The club is hoping the injury is nothing serious after Chisenhall missed more than two months with a calf injury. … OF Jason Kipnis is expected to play five innings in center field on Sunday when he’s activated after his second DL stint with a calf injury. The Indians are lacking outfield depth following injuries to Chisenhall and rookie Bradley Zimmer (broken hand).UP NEXTRHP Carlos Carrasco tries get the Indians to their ninth division title since 1995 on Saturday, when he faces Royals RHP Jason Hammel.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games ‘A complete lie:’ Drilon refutes ‘blabbermouth’ Salo’s claims Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side View comments Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters Following a magical, walk-off win in extra innings on Thursday night, the Indians couldn’t muster another late rally.When Francisco Lindor struck out with a runner on first to end it, the sellout crowd of 34,025 gave the Indians a prolonged standing ovation. Manager Terry Francona brought Cleveland’s players out of the dugout to salute their fans, whose cheering grew louder and louder.This was something they’ll likely never see again in their lifetimes and both the Indians and their fans wanted to savor every second of an accomplishment while looking forward to October, when the games become more meaningful.“They’ve been so supportive,” Francona said of the crowd. “The atmosphere around here is incredible and I think our players wanted to show their appreciation. It’s by no means the last game of the year or anything like that, it’s just been pretty incredible how they’ve reacted and we just wanted to show our appreciation because we don’t take it for granted.“I don’t think anything is over.”ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

India can win World T20 says Sourav Ganguly

first_imgFormer India captain Sourav Ganguly doesn’t believe in picking favourites but is sure the Mahendra Singh Dhoni-led team has the wherewithal to challenge any country in all three formats of cricket. He feels the next month’s World T20 tournament will be no different.Ex-India batsman Sanjay Manjrekar, too, feels India is a “bloody good side”, but he also pointed out that at least six teams are capable of winning the title as the T20 format provides more scope to lesser teams to excel. “There’ll be surprises,” he predicted.They expressed their opinions on a variety of issues – from the inclusion of spinners Harbhajan Singh and Piyush Chawla to the comeback of left-hander Yuvraj Singh – at a press meet where the T20 World Cup trophy was also displayed here on Tuesday.”India will always have [good] chances in any format. They have got the team to win the title,” Ganguly pointed out. “India have match winners like Dhoni, Kohli, Gambhir and Sehwag, who can clear the boundary at will.”India are clubbed with England and Afghanistan in Group A, and after the league phase two teams will qualify for the quarter-finals, called Super Eights, in the tournament that runs from September 18-October 7.Manjrekar termed India as a “bloody good” team, but predicted that surprises were in store. “Five or six teams are likely to win it,” he said. “In T20 format, weaker teams have a better chance of beating stronger teams. There’s a lot at stake, and we’ve got to be at our best from the start.” He felt that the short duration of the tournament also makes it more competitive.advertisementHarbhajan, 32, makes a comeback to the national team after disastrous tours of the West Indies and England last year. Though his poor form continued at the start of his stint with Sussex in the English county competitions, he has lately shown signs of returning to form.The Punjab slow bowler has direct competition with the preferred offie R Ashwin – who plays for the Chennai Super Kings, led by India captain Dhoni – if not so much from leg-spinner Chawla.Ganguly, who backed Harbhajan wholeheartedly during his captaincy, said that even today he is among the top three off-spinners in India.”You can call it my bias or love for Harbhajan but if you are picking three best spinners in the country, he’s got to be among them. Harbhajan is one bowler who should be playing all three formats of the game.”Ganguly said that the K Srikkanth-headed selection committee should have kept Harbhajan out of the team for a maximum of six months.”I still believe one year was a bit too long time to keep Harbhajan out of the Indian team. The board should have spoken to him and told him that ‘look we are giving you six months’ time to sort out your bowling’,” he felt. “You can’t keep a bowler like him in domestic cricket for too long. If you have played for the country for 12 years, you are bound to have one bad season. But he has got [nearly] 700 international wickets, which is no mean feat.”It, however, remains to be seen if Dhoni picks Harbhajan ahead of Ashwin.Yuvraj is back after recovering from cancer and Ganguly said that an indication of his match fitness could be ascertained in the upcoming T20 Internationals against New Zealand at home. “Personally, I’ll not say that I’m not worried about his health,” he said.last_img read more

Mercedes-Benz launches GLC 43 4MATIC Coupe in India, priced at Rs 74.80 lakh

first_imgGerman carmaker Mercedes-Benz has launched the GLC 43 4MATIC Coupe in India, priced at Rs 74.80 lakh (Ex-showroom, India). It is the fourth AMG model bearing the 43 nomenclature to come to India.The Mercedes-AMG GLC 43 4MATIC Coupe is powered by a 3.0-litre biturbo V6 that spits out 367hp and peak torque of 520Nm. The only gearbox available along with this motor is the 9-speed automatic transmission. It can do the 0-100kmph dash in just 4.9 seconds and an electric nanny limits the speed to 250kmph.At the front, the Mercedes-AMG GLC 43 4MATIC Coupe sports a chrome dotted grille with a huge Mercedes Benz logo sitting right in the middle. As you head towards the rear, the roof slowly tapers off to become one with the tail lights. The designers have made a healthy use of lines in the design and the car looks fast, even when it is standing still. The wrap around tail lamps gel well with the cars design.The latest addition to Merecedes Benz India’s AMG portfolio, the GLC 43 4MATIC Coupe has no real competition in India as other premium carmakers do not have a product in the segment.However, comparing the price, it will definitely clash with the Audi S5.Also Read: Mercedes-Benz unveils their first pickup truck everlast_img read more