Stock market investors are voting with their dollars and apparently, they believe a U.S.-China trade deal is more likely than not. The S&P 500 rallied to close at 3023 last Friday (10/25/19), within 0.1% of its all-time closing high set three months ago on 7/26/19. The venerable stock index is up +22.5% YTD (total return) (source: BTN Research).The U.S. government is like any other organization – if the news isn’t all that flattering, release it to the public late on a Friday afternoon. They did exactly that on Friday 8/05/11 when S&P downgraded the U.S. from a top credit rating that America had held for 70 years. And they did it again last Friday 10/25/19 when the Treasury Department released at 2 p.m. ET the final deficit number for our government for fiscal year 2019 (the 12 months ending 9/30/19), a stunning $984 billion (source: Treasury Department).Operating in the red isn’t uncommon for Uncle Sam – 54 of the last 59 fiscal years, i.e., 1961-2019, have resulted in an operating deficit. The only surplus years were 1969, 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. To change this pattern, the United States must either raise taxes (unpopular) or reduce spending (also unpopular). Our spending is however concentrated: 62% of the $4.45 trillion of total 2019 outlays went to just four categories – Social Security ($1.044 trillion), National Defense ($688 billion), Medicare ($651 billion) and Net Interest Expense ($376 billion) (source: Treasury Department).Notable Numbers for the Week:LIVE WITHIN YOUR MEANS – 41% of American households make less than $50,000 of adjusted gross income (AGI) per year. Only 8% of American households make at least $200,000 of AGI (source: Census Bureau).UNAFFORDABLE FOR MANY – The median home price in June 2019 in San Francisco ($1,466,900) was more than five times the median home price in Phoenix ($280,000), i.e., by moving 754 miles southeast from the northern California coast to the Arizona desert, the median home price drops by 81% (source: Redfin).NO WORK – 37% of American seniors report they retired earlier than planned as a result of health problems, buyout packages, layoffs, grandchildren, or caring for an aging parent (source: Health and Retirement Study).ROTTEN KIDS – A study involving 2,500 wealthy families over decades of wealth transfers across generations found that, on average, only 30% of the original family fortune remained at the end of the second generation, and only 10% remained at the end of the third generation (source: Williams Group).
Want more? Check out the 5 things to consider when buying your first server. These are great tips to help get you started on your server selection if you are unsure where to begin.For additional information about PowerEdge servers, visit dellemc.com/servers, or contact your Dell Technologies Advisor for more information at 877-BUY-DELL.Be sure to follow us and join the conversation on Twitter @DellEMCServers. Did you know? Although power and cooling technology has changed a lot in 15 years, racks and towers operate in the same temperature ranges. In the corner of the officeTower On, under, or near a deskTower Data center or Collocated spaceRack Many of the modern servers available today also have an extended operating temperature range. Dell EMC PowerEdge servers can continuously operate even if temperatures get as cold as 41°F (5°C) or as hot as 104°F (40°C). And if there is a temperature spike to 113°F (45°C) for a couple of hours a year, the server can handle it.Fans and heat sinks help to move hot air away from these components and out the back of the server. But if the server is in a coat closet without a vent, the closet will get warm and the air surrounding the components will be warmer. And if the server components get warm, the server fans will speed up and make noise. I’ve personally cracked the door on a converted closet. I’ve also heard of people installing a vent or replacing the door with a felt screen. In both cases, a tower server is the better option. Why? When you open the closet door, the noise is no longer confined. Listening to the sound of a rack server’s fan can be distracting, if not annoying, for office workers and especially customers.Here’s a simple decision matrix a small business can use to help them decide on a rack or tower server. Most decisions will come down to noise first and temperature second. Wiring closetRack or Tower What server should you buy for your small business? Find out what two things you must consider when buying a server for businesses with fewer than 100 employees.Should you buy a rack or tower server? The answer may not be as simple as it used to be. Fifteen years ago, it was a foregone conclusion that small businesses bought towers and large enterprises bought rack servers. That’s how we built them. That’s how you bought them. But it’s not that clear now.Our latest tower servers can do things only rack servers used to be able to do. And we sell rack servers to small businesses. So, how do you decide? The answer will likely hinge on two factors.1. Where will you physically put the server?If the server is going to be installed in a data center, then 98% of you are going to need a rack server. The other 2% will buy a rackable tower server, such as the T640 or T440. But since most small businesses don’t own their own data center, colocation (or renting space in someone else’s data center) is the more likely data-center-placement scenario. A rack server is still the answer for a colocation.If you are going to install it under someone’s desk or in the corner of an office next to a plant, then all of you are going to want a tower server. Why? In general, tower servers are quieter than rack servers. Tower servers traditionally have more space for air while rack servers are usually space-constrained. Less air flow usually means more fans running at faster speeds, which translates into more noise.In some environments, noise can be a huge distraction to people working. Recording studios are measured at about 20 dBA. Quiet offices are at about 35 dBA. Data centers and vacuum cleaners measure in at 75 dBA. The noise difference between a rack server and a tower server running in a quiet office would likely make it unbearable for people in that environment to concentrate or talk with co-workers and employees. For instance, the T340 is a 1-socket tower server that would likely put out 23 dBA while idle (running OS only) and up to 30 dBA while operating at peak. A similar rack server, the R340, would likely put out 38 dBA all the time.Fig 1. Acoustical reference points and output comparisonsIf the server will not live in a data center or a place where people are, the decision becomes harder. Locations like a server room, wiring closet, or a coat closet are all places where servers could live. If this is where yours will operate, then you must evaluate consideration number two.2. What is the temperature where you want to physically put the server? Servers run optimally when the temperature of the air is within its normal operating range. Rack servers require physical racks, known as cabinets or server racks, that allow you to mount servers. And when you mount a bunch of rack-installed devices like servers, storage arrays, networking switches, and uninterrupted power supplies (UPS), the temperature of the air around them rises. This makes temperature control a requirement for continuous operation. In data centers, conditioned air flows up from a raised floor to keep the temperature at optimal levels.Small businesses generally don’t have access to raised floors and chillers. However, some server rooms may be air conditioned. If the server is going to be installed in a temperature-controlled environment, a rack server will likely be the best option.If the server will be installed in a former coat closet or other tight space, it’s likely that the temperature of the air will increase (sometimes substantially). If the internal components of a server get too hot, the risk of failure goes up. The same thing happens when it gets too cold. That’s why servers are designed to shut down when the temperature exceeds their standard operating range. It’s a protection mechanism. In general, today’s servers have a range of 50°F – 95°F (10°C – 35°C) with no direct sunlight on the equipment. Where will the server be placed?Best server form-factor Coat closetLikely a Tower Server roomLikely a Rack
Pittsburgh’s Lamar Patterson, left, drives the ball to the basket and past Maryland’s Nick Faust in the second half of an NCAA collegePITTSBURGH (AP) – Pittsburgh coach Jamie Dixon has his team well drilled.The next game is the most important of the season, regardless of what name is stitched across the front of the jersey.Still, junior guard Cam Wright allows things will be different Monday night when the 20th-ranked Panthers face No. 18 Duke.Thought Pitt has already swept Maryland and won on the road at Georgia Tech and North Carolina State, Wright is well aware that walking onto the court and seeing Mike Krzyzewski will be borderline surreal.“Looking down to my left and seeing Coach K on the sideline, I don’t even know how to explain it,” Wright said. “That will be a pretty remarkable moment I guess.”One that will make the somewhat emotionally painful transition – though financially lucrative – move from the Big East to the Atlantic Coast Conference worth it. Tickets were going for as much as $1,200 on the secondary market on Sunday afternoon, good enough to pay for season tickets and then some.“People have been talking about it, about tickets,” Dixon said. “It doesn’t really bother me but my assistants have been a little flustered.”Maybe, but it hasn’t translated on the court.The Panthers (18-2, 6-1) were Big East royalty for much of the millennium before moving to the ACC. While the destinations on their conference road trips have changed. The results have not.Pitt’s only loss in league play so far is to fellow Big East ex-pat and No. 2 Syracuse, which says something about the state of the Panthers’ new home. The ACC hasn’t quite looked like the ACC through the season’s first three months. That includes the Blue Devils (16-4, 5-2), who have already lost on the road to Notre Dame and Clemson.It doesn’t get any easier for Duke, which travels to the Carrier Dome on Saturday. Two losses would all but take the Blue Devils out of the conference title race by the first week of February.The Panthers, however, refuse to call the Blue Devils vulnerable, or anything else really. Dixon has praised his team’s ability to remain focused on the task at hand. On Saturday, it was finding a way to beat Maryland for the second time in three weeks.If Pitt was caught sneaking around the corner at Duke, it didn’t show. Lamar Patterson continued his breakout season by scoring 28 points as the Panthers kept the Terrapins at a safe distance the entire second half.Duke and star freshman Jabari Parker will present a starkly different challenge, though it hasn’t really mattered who Pitt has played at home this season. The Panthers are unbeaten and largely unchallenged at Petersen Events Center, where they are 12-0 this season.That mark includes a 76-43 dismantling of Clemson last week in which Pitt recorded an assist on 24 of 27 field goals. It’s that kind of selflessness that led Maryland coach Mark Turgeon to call the Panthers “one of the best teams I’ve ever coached against.”It’s a compliment Pitt takes in stride because, well, that just what the Panthers do.After building the program into one of the nation’s elite by becoming one of the toughest defensive teams in the country, Pitt has adapted to decidedly less physical ACC by pulling a switcheroo. Where the Panthers used to plod, now they soar. Pitt is second in the ACC behind Duke in points per game (76.3) and first in field goal percentage and assists.The Panthers are winning with style. Do it on national television on Monday night and they’ll no longer by outliers in a new-look conference. They’ll be front-runners, just like they planned.“We’re excited but we’re not looking at it as we’re playing Duke next,” Wright said. “We’re looking at it as a game on our schedule and a roadblock that we have to get past.”___AP Sports Writer David Ginsburg in College Park, MD contributed to this report.