New Zealand meanwhile had looked in terrifying form thanks to the emergence of a certain Jonah Lomu, and had swept aside Ireland, Wales and Scotland already. Then they demolished England – although the scoreline makes it look closer than it truly was.The madness began early. Lomu picked up a bouncing ball, avoided a flailing Will Carling, before half-stumbling, half-flattening Mike Catt to score one of the great World Cup tries.Josh Kronfeld would finish a brilliant move moments later to make it 12-0, and the game was already almost over as a contest.No 8 Zinzan Brooke scoring a 45m drop-goal rubbed salt into the wound. Lomu would score again, giving the All Blacks 25 points in as many minutes, before adding to his tally soon after half-time to bring up a hat-trick.England, to their credit, managed to score four tries in the last half-hour of the game courtesy of Carling and Rory Underwood, but the overwhelming feeling was that New Zealand had their eyes on the final. Tries from Graeme Bachop and a fourth for Lomu meant the result was never in doubt.Not a classic for its tense nature or a close finish, but for the birth of Lomu as a global superstar.France 43-31 New Zealand, 1999 Twickenham One of the most famous World Cup matches of all time. Having lost the final in 1995, New Zealand once again possessed a star-studded back-line boasting Lomu, Christian Cullen, Tana Umaga and Jeff Wilson.Yet France defeated them with a performance of dazzling brilliance, overcoming a 14-point deficit to reach their second final. Fly-half Christophe Lamaison was responsible for kick-starting his side’s comeback, knocking over two drop-goals before his speculative chip found Christophe Dominici, the diminutive winger flying in under the posts.New Zealand were shell-shocked, unable to believe that a World Cup final they’d been strolling towards seemed to be accelerating off into the distance. Lamaison took full advantage of a rapidly freezing opposition, chipping once more into the All Blacks backfield, and Richard Dourthe gathered to score a try that put France 12 points up.Philippe Bernat-Salles traded tries with Wilson, but the All Blacks never threatened a comeback. France had improbably, brilliantly, sumptuously triumphed.South Africa 18-20 New Zealand, 2015 Twickenham South Africa v New Zealand is potentially the biggest rivalry in world rugby, and the two sides played out another classic here. South African physicality was matched by an intensity that the All Blacks rarely need to reach, as New Zealand pulled themselves from the quagmire to triumph in an attritional epic.The All Blacks went 7-3 ahead early as sumptuous offloading from Richie McCaw gave Jerome Kaino some space on the right wing. The blindside made no mistake, flicking away would be tacklers like a giant with a fly swat to give his side the lead.But South Africa came roaring back into the game, as four first-half Handré Pollard penalties gave them a deserved 12-7 half-time lead.A Dan Carter drop-goal brought New Zealand to within a penalty, before Ma’a Nonu created space for Beauden Barrett to slide over in the corner. With the conversion added and the two sides swapping penalties the All Blacks suddenly led 20-15.With ten minutes left Pat Lambie brought the gap back to two, but South Africa wasted an attacking lineout and New Zealand’s discipline reappeared as they held on to win by the barest of margins. Five of the Best Rugby World Cup Semi-finalsThe World Cup semi-finals are looming and they look as if they could be classics. New Zealand will face an England side they’ve hardly been exposed to over the past four years, while Wales will attempt to overcome South African power to reach their first World Cup final.But what have been the great semi-finals of yesteryear? This stage of the competition is often known for tight and tense affairs – but there have been plenty of thrills too. Here’s a look at five of the best World Cup semi-finals…Australia 24-30 France, 1987 Sydney The last hurrah of the great French sides of the 1980s, it could be argued that the World Cup’s greatest semi-final was the first one ever played.France met Australia in Sydney, the latter with the core of the side that would win the tournament in 1991, and sporting a half-back combination of Nick Farr-Jones and Michael Lynagh as well as David Campese at full-back.Australia flew into an early 9-0 lead, before French lock Alain Lorieux, a former firefighter, ripped the ball away from a lineout to crash over in the corner, with Didier Camberabero adding the conversion. Early in the second half legendary centre Philippe Sella sliced though the Australian defence against the grain to put les Bleus into the lead 12-9.The game quickly became a see-saw battle, as brilliant sidestepping from Lynagh set up Campese to put Australia back in the lead.Serge Blanco then released Patrice Lagisquet for a try down the left wing, before David Codey scored for Australia, despite suspicions of a knock-on.Penalties for each team and the score was 24-24 as the game approached its denouement. Then came the decisive moment.Starting from deep, Lagisquet kicked ahead, his Garryowen gathered by the onrushing French forward pack. The ball passed rapidly through the hands of 11 players before Blanco finished in the corner to score one of the great counter-attacking tries and send France into the World Cup final.South Africa 19-15 France, 1995 Durban Eight years later and France would lose a semi-final to hosts South Africa in controversial circumstances. The game was delayed by an hour after apocalyptic rainfall. In any ordinary situation it would have been called off, with referee Derek Bevan concerned about a scrum collapsing in deep standing water.As per the rules of the tournament, if the game was unable to start France would have gone through based on their superior disciplinary record.Instead, local women were sent onto the field with brooms and neighbouring Durban Country Club provided pumps, so eventually the game was played.Clearing the water: Local women help out before the game (Getty Images)A pushover try from Ruben Kruger seemed to have sealed the match for the Springboks, as they led 19-15 with moments left after Joel Stransky and French counterpart Thierry Lacroix had swapped penalties all evening.Related: Remembering the wettest game in Rugby World Cup historyHowever, controversy was to rear its head again, as Abdel Benazzi had a late try disallowed. Despite protestations it was not given and South Africa would go on to stun the All Blacks in the final.England 29-45 New Zealand, 1995 Cape Town The second semi-final in 1995, played a day later in bright Newlands sunshine, was also an iconic affair. England had defeated Australia in the quarters thanks to a late Rob Andrew drop-goal, and were bidding to reach their second consecutive World Cup final. Keep track of events in Japan via our Rugby World Cup homepage.Follow Rugby World magazine on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. French lesson: Christophe Dominici beats Andrew Mehrtens to score a try in 1999 (Getty Images) Ahead of this weekend’s matches, Jacob Whitehead has picked out a handful of super semi-finals LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS
With glassy waters and not a cloud in the sky, you couldn’t ask for a nicer day for this year’s Fishing For Kids. The event, hosted by The Ocean City Yacht Club and Ocean City Marlin and Tuna Club, has now surpassed a quarter century of History and is still going strong. Attendees were sure to take advantage of such a wonderful day shipping out early Sunday morning into the Great Egg Harbor Bay.The Yacht Club hosted around 125 guest from Pennsylvania area organizations. Big Brothers Big Sisters, the Variety Club, and Challenger League all dedicate their time on aiding and mentoring disadvantaged or disabled. A message organizers, Doug Walter (OCYC) and George Robinson (OCMTC) both love and wanted to help out in their own way through, Fishing For Kids. 25 boat owners coming from the local water sports clubs happily offered their time for this fantastic opportunity to take the club members out onto the bay. Hitting local fishing spots, many were lucky enough to snag a flounder or two. Even without landing a fish, getting to spend the morning out on the water was fantastic in and of itself.There were smiles all around from beginning to end. A picturesque day on the water, a great chance to help with fantastic organizations, and some fresh fish to take home. The 26th annual Fishing for Kids couldn’t have gone much better, and hopes go to next year being just a great an addition to the local tradition.
BackgroundAs the early pioneers of powered flight discovered, often to their peril, several fundamental aircraft design rules were key to a safe flight. These rules, derived from the successes and failures of different design philosophies, were crucial to improving both the safety and capability of subsequent designs, which was of particular importance during the period of the 2 World Wars. Whilst this evolving design knowledge was initially captured solely by the aircraft manufacturers, it was formalized for the first time in 1916 by the Royal Aircraft Factory’s ‘Design Requirements’ 6 page pamphlet. Only 2 years later, aircraft design knowledge had developed sufficiently enough for the Ministry of Munition’s Technical Department (Aircraft Production) to issue their ‘Handbook of Strength Calculations’ (Handbook 806), a set of aircraft design standards that formed the genesis of today’s ‘Design and Airworthiness Requirements for service Aircraft’ (Defence Standard 00-970 (DS970)) and spawned aircraft certification standards across Europe, North America and Australia. Today this evolution continues with the single largest update to the design and airworthiness requirements for service aircraft since the inception of DS970 in 1983. Joint Service Lockheed-Martin F35B Lightning II. MOD Crown Copyright.OutcomesDespite commencing in 2017, the size and complexity of the DS970 redevelopment project means that it will take approximately 3 years to complete. The incremental approach being adopted generates one transformed DS970 Part per year. Accordingly, the transformation of DS970 Part 7 (Rotorcraft) was completed in June 2018 and has been quickly adopted by Defence Equipment & Support (DE&S) Delivery Teams (DT) for the certification of new helicopters in conjunction with EASA CS29. The transformed DS970 Part 1 (Fast Jet Air Systems) will follow later this year. This outcome will mark the completion of the major elements of the transformation activity. It should be noted that DS970 Part 5 (Large Type Aeroplanes) and Part 3 (Small and Medium Aeroplanes) were partially transformed and published in 2015 and 2016 respectively as a precursor element to the main project. However, these same DS970 Parts will be given a further update, alongside Parts 9 (RPAS) and 13 (Common Military Equipment), as the final element of the project, following the completion of DS970 Part 1.SummaryThe DS970 transformation project represents one of the largest single projects undertaken by the MAA. The project involves the MAA’s Certification Division, DE&S Airworthiness Teams and industry partners, all collaborating to deliver a suite of transformed design and airworthiness requirements that will remain relevant and credible for future generations of UK military air systems. Royal Navy Fairy Swordfish. MOD Crown Copyright.The need for changeThe MAA maintains the position that DS970 is the benchmark design and airworthiness standard for UK military air systems and, through regulation, should be used as the primary certification code. DS970 has evolved via various standards over a period of 100 years and contains airworthiness and safety information developed from a range of sources, including accident investigations, research and development. As such, this important body of airworthiness and safety requirements should be considered during the certification of all UK military air systems. However, over time, the safety and airworthiness requirement elements of DS970 have become diluted by information and requirements that do not contribute directly to airworthiness. Additionally, while civilian certification standards continued to be updated to reflect evolving aviation technology, DS970 stagnated, resulting in the erosion of both its relevance and credibility.The optionsSeveral alternative mechanisms to support certification were reviewed and concluded that the UK MOD should continue to own an aircraft certification standard, but that it should be redeveloped and transformed into a specification more suited to certification. To achieve this, DS970 would refer to civil European certification specifications where these could be shown to be suitable in the military context. Thus, the transformed DS970 would solely contain those airworthiness and safety requirements which were necessary for military purposes.Transformation processThe redevelopment of DS970 is being undertaken through a transformation project that will deliver a document that is focussed on airworthiness outcomes and better suited for use in certification; it refers to internationally recognised airworthiness codes which have additional ‘military deltas’ applied where necessary. Feedback from both the regulated community and industry highlighted the need to retain the existing DS970 3-column format, clearly identifying Requirements, Compliance, and Guidance, as this was preferred over the approach adopted by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) in their Certification Specification (CS).Those requirements of DS970 identified as certification-related will be reviewed against comparable requirements in the appropriate EASA CS. Any requirements not considered to be adequately addressed by appropriate civil specifications will be retained as military deltas and, where necessary, re-written to focus on airworthiness and safety outcomes. An important contribution to the success of this project is the application of suitably qualified and experienced resources, as well as a high level of stakeholder involvement in the review and endorsement of these requirements. In particular, due to the complexity of the requirements and the need for specific skills and knowledge, the use of Design Organisation subject matter expertise will be crucial to the development and endorsement of the transformed DS970.