South African football fans. (Image: Chris Kirchoff, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more free photos, visit the image library.) Public opinion on staging the 2010 Fifa World Cup remains overwhelmingly positive in the host nation South Africa, according to recent research conducted on Fifa’s behalf.The findings from the fourth instalment of a six-wave survey suggest a strong emotional commitment to the tournament, in particular a pronounced sense of pride (90%) in being the first African nation to host football’s premier event.The survey was conducted by international research company Sport+Markt immediately after the final draw in December. The successful organisation of this event and its blanket coverage in the media appear to have reinforced respondents’ belief in South Africa’s readiness to host the 2010 Fifa World Cup (84%) and their keen anticipation of it (86%).Similar to the previous three waves, the vast majority of respondents have high expectations in terms of the potential long-term benefits of hosting the World Cup, both tangible and intangible. Those believing it will unite the people of South Africa stand at 79%, while 88% expect it to boost South Africa’s image abroad, 91% expect it to create more jobs and 95% think it will strengthen tourism.“What these findings tell us right from the first round of surveying in December 2008 all the way through to today is that there is a strong feeling of positivity towards the Fifa World Cup among South Africans,” said Fifa secretary-general Jérôme Valcke.“The scores have been consistently high with negligible deviation over the months.”Of the perceived potential disadvantages of hosting the 2010 Fifa World Cup, inflation remains the biggest concern for South African respondents, with 70% believing consumer goods will become more expensive as a result of the competition.However, the 7% point drop in this score since the previous wave in September 2009 represents the biggest fluctuation recorded in this survey.The urban representative survey was conducted among 1 000 South African respondents in all major cities, including 2010 Fifa World Cup host cities, with quotas for ethnic origin, age and gender. Interviews was conducted face-to-face in calendar weeks 50-51, 2009. To request the charts or for further information, please contact [email protected]
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Growers are interested in wide-row wheat production due to reductions in equipment inventory (i.e., lack of grain drill) and to allow intercropping of soybean into wheat. With funding from the Ohio Small Grains Marketing Program and the Michigan Wheat Program, we’ve conducted row width trials to examine variety selection and seeding rate. Here are some considerations if you plan on growing wheat in wide rows this fall:Variety selectionVariety selection is very important when growing wheat in 15-inch row spacing as yield is influenced by wheat variety. Each year, we conduct a 15-inch wheat variety trial in Wayne and Crawford County. Varieties selected for evaluation in 2015 were the top 25 yielding varieties in the 2014 Ohio Wheat Performance Test. In 2015, varieties averaged 81.2 bushels per acre with a range of 72.0 to 85.1 bushels per acre across both locations. Seeding rate was 25 seeds per foot of row (871,200 seeds per acre) for all varieties. The Ohio Wheat Performance Test for 15-Inch Row Spacing can be found here: http://stepupsoy.osu.edu/node/35.Seeding rateIn the Ohio Wheat Performance Test for 15-Inch Row Spacing, we used a seeding rate of 871,200 seeds per acre. However, many farmers were curious how wide-row wheat yielded at higher seeding rates. Three trials were established during the 2013-2014 growing season and one trial was established during the 2014-2015 growing season in Fulton County to compare wide-row wheat grown at 1 million and 1.5 million seeds per acre to the standard practice of wheat grown in narrow rows at 2 million seeds per acre. Averaged across the four site-years, the standard practice of wheat grown in 7.5-inch row width yielded 15% greater than wheat grown at 15-inch row width. However, there was no difference in yield when wheat was grown at 1.0 and 1.5 million seeds per acre. Planting 1 million seeds per acre was adequate to maximize yield in wide-row wheat production. A draft of the 2014 report can be viewed at: www.go.osu.edu/fultononfarmresearch3. Plant dateWe recommend planting wheat within 10 days of the Hessian Fly Safe Date. Fall wheat growth is reduced when planting is delayed resulting in reduced winter hardiness. The Hessian Fly Safe Date for each county can be found at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/iwy/flydates.html4.Weed controlWide row wheat should be planted into a weed-free seedbed accomplished with tillage or burndown herbicides. With wider row spacing and more sunlight reaching the soil surface, we recommend using an approved post-emergent wheat herbicide in the spring as well. Be sure to observe label restrictions if you plan on a second crop into wheat or after wheat. Herbicides labeled for use in wheat are listed on page 131 of the 2015 Weed Control Guide for Ohio and Indiana found at: http://u.osu.edu/osuweeds/.5. Disease Management in wide-row wheatChanging management practices such as row spacing, planting density (seeding rate), and N-rate may lead to changes in the microclimate within a wheat field. And these changes may affect the spread and development of diseases. As part of the same OSGMP-funded research project, we evaluated the development of foliar and spike diseases in wide-row (15-inch) wheat compared to standard or narrow-row (7.5-inch) wheat. In two of the three years of the study (2014 and 2015), both the average incidence (number of head with scab out of a 100 heads) and severity of head scab (percent of head area with scab symptoms) were higher in 15-inch rows than in 7.5-inch rows.Since our results also showed that wheat grown in 7.5-inch rows generally had higher yields and test weights than wheat grown in 15-inch row, we also evaluated higher N-rates as an option for increasing grain yield and quality in wide-row wheat. In all three years (2013, 2014 and 2015), increasing N resulted in higher leaf rust severity. For instance, in 2015, leaf rust severity was 18% in plots that received 80 pounds of N per acre, 24% in plots that received 120 pounds of N per acre acre, and 31% in plots that received 160 pounds of N per acre. The good news is that a single application of a fungicide (Prosaro), effectively controlled leaf rust (when applied at boot) and suppressed head scab (when applied flowering) in both wide-row and narrow-row wheat. So, is you are thinking of planting wheat in wide rows, you should have a disease management plan, particularly if you plan to use higher N rates.
Serverless Backups: Viable Data Protection for … Related Posts How Intelligent Data Addresses the Chasm in Cloud Cloud Hosting for WordPress: Why Everyone is Mo… Tags:#VMware#VMworld VMware just upped the ante against Amazon’s dominant cloud business by announcing the general availability of its vCloud Hybrid Service, part of its big push towards completely automated and virtualized data centers—i.e., ones that require far less oversight and which provide computing services that are largely independent of the underlying hardware and software.The new service is a full-fledged “infrastructure as a service” public cloud that will take on the likes of Amazon Web Services, IBM SmartCloud, Rackspace and HP Cloud. IT managers might raise their eyebrows at yet another public-cloud offering, but this one has some serious potential, given VMware’s strong place in the virtualization sector. (What’s virtualization again? See here.)But will it be enough to save VMware, let alone fend off the likes of Amazon Web Services and OpenStack?VMWare Wants To Virtualize You Into The CloudSee also: AWS Vs. VMware vs. OpenStack: And The Cloud Winner Is…Here’s what vCloud Hybrid Service has going for it: VMware currently holds a 60% market share in the server virtualization marketplace, which is nothing to sneeze at. VMware is essentially counting on its base in virtualization to bootstrap its existing customers into the new cloud service.The cloud, after all, is basically still a collection of virtualized servers, albeit with management software with different features. Migrating to the cloud is not as simple as flipping a switch, because of the differences in management software. That’s the big benefit VMware claims for the hybrid service—any VMware customer can supposedly expand into the public cloud seamlessly when they need to.See also: VMware: “If Amazon Wins, We All Lose”This is all part of VMware’s software defined data center strategy, which aims to give IT departments flexibility to configure their data centers and clouds. This is not just virtual servers coming and going as needed in an elastic cloud. Software-defined virtual networking is also part of this broader strategy.With VMware’s hybrid cloud service, software-defined means if you want to run your applications behind a firewall on a private cloud, you’re more than welcome to do so—but feel free to expand into the public cloud with little fuss whenever you need. That’s what makes this setup a “hybrid.” The Software Defined Data CenterSee also: Software-Defined Networking (SDN): What It Is, How It Works, Why It MattersVMware is not just stopping at networking when they talk about virtualization. It also wants to expand virtualization to storage and IT management tools as well.With this reliance on a software-defined infrastructure, VMware will need to expose much of its controls beyond the usual cadre of IT administrators: software-defined anything means that developers will have to get more involved. This means a much-more DevOps-centric focus for VMware. Little surprise, then, in VMware’s $30 million investment in popular DevOps vendor Puppet Labs back in January and the presence of a lot of DevOps companies on the VMworld conference going on this week in San Francisco.Dark Skies On The HorizonSee also Puppet Labs Takes $30 Million VMware Investment – Some Strings Attached?As attractive as VMware’s hybrid service might be to its existing customers, it’s not going to be a cakewalk. First, there’s the problem of all the other hypervisors.In recent years, VMware’s customers have grown restless being constrained to the VMware way of doing things. For one, when customers want to run their software with a virtualized environment, they can fire up the requisite virtual servers and run applications on the guest software. But to take real advantage of virtual machine control, developers have to get their software talking to the underlying hypervisor level.The hypervisor is the layer that actually hold the containers of virtual machines. In the VMware ecosystem, that means VMware ESX and ESXi, and applications should be configured to talk to ESX or any software that manages the hypervisor.But IT shops that run Linux may also want to use KVM or Xen as their hypervisors and Microsoft users will be attracted to Microsoft’s own Hyper-V. In fact, depending on how an application was developed and the costs involved, workloads in a datacenter could be running on multiple hypervisors.See also IDC: Virtualization’s March To Cloud Threatens VMwareThat poses a problem for VMware: they’re counting on their existing customers having a homogeneous hypervisor environments.Another hurdle: It’s not just legacy apps from existing virtual systems that are getting pushed out to the cloud—new apps are being coded for the cloud all of the time. VMware also needs to attract developers to build those new apps on their platform. But remember those DevOps coders? They tend to be much more interested in open source toolsets that are fast and less encumbered with licensing overhead. (And their managers have little love for spending more for VMware licenses, unless there’s a darn good reason.)Still, existing VMware customers are a force to be reckoned with, and even if some are restless, they may be committed to VMware tools for one reason or another. If VMware can hold on to them, then the vCloud Hybrid Service will be a strong force of its own in the public cloud sector.Image courtesy of Shutterstock brian proffitt Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting