Growing numbers of civilians employed by the Colombian government to clear coca crops are being killed and injured by landmines, according to the Colombian Campaign to Ban Landmines (CCCM). Colombia’s drug-running rebel groups plant mines in and around coca fields – the raw ingredient of cocaine – to protect their valuable crop. Colombia’s main guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), is one of the largest planters of mines in the world. It has funded its nearly five decade war against the Colombian government mainly by drug trafficking. “The guerrilla groups have declared a war against this government strategy of using manual eradicators. They plant mines in the areas where eradicators work,” Camilo Serna, operations coordinator at the Bogota-based non-governmental organisation CCCM, told AlertNet. As well as aerial spraying coca crops, the Colombian government employs thousands of people to clear the coca plants by hand in jungle areas across the country. The majority are poor and live in rural areas. “We believe civilians should not be put in such danger. The government should only be using specialised military demining teams – which Colombia has – in mined areas,” Serna said. It is a practice that violates the 1997 Mine Bans Treaty, to which Colombia is a signatory, as it places civilians in mined areas, according to the CCCM. Rebel groups booby-trap their coca crops, making the job of clearing coca by hand a risky task. They also make mines from plastic, using paint thinner and fertilizer as a masking agent, making it difficult for metal detectors and dogs to pick up, CCCM says. Colombia has the second highest casualty rate of landmine victims in the world, trailing only behind Afghanistan, according to a recent report by the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL). While the report shows the number of new landmine casualties in Colombia has decreased by nearly a quarter – from 741 reported casualties in 2009 to 512 in 2010 – the number of coca clearers maimed and or killed by landmines has increased in recent years. By Dialogo December 02, 2011
For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: The stakes cannot get any higher than this. India and Australia are currently level 1-1 in the four-match series. For the first time since India’s tour of Australia in 2003/04, there is plenty at stake in a Boxing Day Test match. India’s 31-run win in Adelaide was cancelled by the 146-run win by Australia in Perth. Virat Kohli’s side is aiming to break a 37-year jinx in Boxing Day Tests in Melbourne. A win will take India one step closer to achieving glory while a loss will squander their ultimate opportunity to register a series win Down Under against what is considered to be the ‘weakest’ Australian side. Ahead of the Test, the Indian cricket team is resting and will not practice until December 23. However, Kohli can utilize the time to figure out a major issue in his team.The performances of the Indian openers have been a major issue in overseas tours right from the series against England. KL Rahul and Murali Vijay’s struggles in Adelaide and Perth have resulted in calls for them to be excluded for the Boxing Day Test. With Hardik Pandya back in the mix following his solid returns in the Ranji Trophy, the bowling composition might also be tweaked slightly after the formula of four pacers backfired on the Indian team in Perth. Kohli would be hoping that Ravichandran Ashwin regains fitness as India was sorely missing a spinner in Perth.What can be ideal XI?With Vijay and Rahul not performing to expectations, Kohli might replace both openers and bring in Hanuma Vihari at the top of the order and fast-track Mayank Agarwal as the second opener. Agarwal, who scored over 2000 domestic runs in the 2017/18 season and was incredibly unlucky to miss out on Test selection for the West Indies series, gets a chance only because Prithvi Shaw was ruled out. Agarwal was in decent form for India A in the New Zealand series, scoring a solid 65 and 42 in the four-day game and scoring 25 and 53 against Gujarat in Surat.Read More | Michael Hussey appeals to Virat Kohli to play this player in MCG TestVihari showed good application against the new ball in the Perth game and having him as an opener might not be a bad idea. If both openers can play out the new ball period and score runs at a decent rate, say in about three runs per over, then it will become easier for the middle order. With Cheteshwar Pujara and Kohli hitting centuries, numbers 3 and 4 are sorted.Read More | What must Virat Kohli’s India do to win the Melbourne Test?Big contributions from Rahane, two all-roundersAjinkya Rahane slammed fifties in both Adelaide and Perth but he was guilty of not converting them into big scores. Rahane’s dismissal on the first over of the third day in Perth stalled India’s momentum big time. If Rahane can score big, then the lower-middle order can receive a big boost. Rishabh Pant has taken the attack to the opposition but has thrown his wickets away. If Pant bats calmly, India’s batting will be enhanced.Read More | Sourav Ganguly reveals angry message to Virat Kohli after Perth lossThe question of Hardik Pandya is a tricky one. Should Kohli get Pandya back in the side without giving him proper exposure to the conditions in Australia? Should Kohli trust Pandya’s fitness after just one first-class game? Pandya can offer depth in both bowling and batting and his inclusion could resolve plenty of problems for India.India must play a spinner in Melbourne where conditions and the pitch will be very different than Perth. If Ashwin is not fit, then getting Ravindra Jadeja in will be the next best option. Jadeja’s batting is also a welcome bonus. Thus, if Pandya and Jadeja are included in the side, then India can play eight batsmen and also play five bowlers at the same time. Thus, India’s tail, which was too long in Perth, might be eliminated.So, the ideal combination for India in Melbourne would be to promote Vihari and Agarwal as openers, play Pandya and Jadeja to enhance both batting and bowling and play three pacers.Playing XI for Melbourne TestHanuma Vihari, Mayank Agarwal, Cheteshwar Pujara, Virat Kohli, Ajinkya Rahane, Rishabh Pant, Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja/Ravichandran Ashwin, Ishant Sharma, Mohammed Shami, Jasprit Bumrah.
The committee is headed by the 1st Vice President of the NFF, Seyi Akinwunmi, and has among its terms of reference, the provision of the most stable and sustainable foundations for football in Nigeria, guaranteeing of commitment to the principles of good governance, inclusion and transparency in all areas of its operations which also requires its member associations, officials and employees to meet the high standards set in this regard, and adaptation to the latest development in the world of football to ensure that its operations and values adhere to the best governance principles possible.The committee is also to progressively adopt a wide range of reforms that reflect the views of the Nigerian and international football community in order to meet the evolving needs of the modern game. At the end, it is to ensure that the principles enunciated by it and its recommendations which are accepted by the Executive Committee are incorporated into an amended version of the NFF Statutes and pave the way for further significant and munch –needed changes to the Federation’s governance structure, electoral procedures and dispute resolution mechanism.Pinnick, who is also the 1st Vice President of CAF and Member of the Organizing Committee for FIFA Competitions, praised the commitment of the eminent persons to serve, affirming his belief that the committee will come up with recommendations that will set Nigerian Football on the pathway to immense glory.Before now, there had been many reform committees such as the SO Williams Sports Reforms committee in the 1980s, the Amanze Uchegbulam committee on age-graded football activities of 1999, the Emeka Omeruah Committee of 2004 and another one some years back which recommended the formation of a domestic Court of Arbitration for Sports to avoid the administrative and legal logjams that almost strangulate football administration in the past four year.Akinwunmi has as deputy, the NFF 2nd Vice President, Mallam Shehu Dikko, with NFF Executive Committee members Alhaji Ibrahim Gusau and Hon. Chidi Ofo Okenwa, and the General Secretary, Dr. Mohammed Sanusi also on the membership.There are also Chief Taiwo Ogunjobi (Chairman, Osun State FA); Rt. Hon. Margaret Icheen (Chairman, Benue State FA); Alhaji Mohammed Nasir Saidu (Chairman, Sokoto State FA); Alhaji Garba Mohammed (Chairman, Yobe State FA) and; Barrister Poubeni Ogun (Chairman, Bayelsa State FA). Dr. Kweku Tandoh (Chairman, Lagos State Sports Commission); Barrister Godwin Dudu Orumen (Chairman, Edo State Sports Commission) and; Alhaji Farouk Yarma Adamu (Commissioner for Youth Empowerment, Gombe State) are there.Also in are Otunba Tade Azeez (President, Nigeria Referees Association); Mr. Dahiru Sadi (immediate past President, Players Union); Mr. Isa Ladan Bosso (President, Coaches Association); Barrister Isaac Danladi (Chairman, NPFL Club Owners); Mrs Dilichukwu Onyedinma (Director of Sports, FCT); Alh. Shuaib Gara-Gombe; business mogul Yemi Idowu; Barrister Sampson Ebomhe and veteran journalists Osasu Obayiuwana, Felix Awogu, Godwin Enakhena, Tony Ubani and Chisom Ezeoke.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram Amaju Pinnick and members of the NFF’s Reform Committee Inaugurates 27-member panel expected to reform Nigerian footballPresident of the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF), Amaju Melvin Pinnick has made a firm pledge that the football-ruling body is ready and willing to implement the recommendations of the Reform Committee set up by the Executive Committee and endorsed by the NFF Congress at its Annual General Assembly in Asaba on 24th October 2018.Speaking at the inauguration of the 27-member panel at Eko Hotel and Suites in Lagos yesterday, Pinnick eulogised the members of the panel and said there couldn’t have been better persons to do the job.“There would have been no compelling need to put together this group of eminent Nigerians, persons of considerable weight and relevance across football and beyond, if we were not determined to implement the committee’s recommendations,” Pinnick pledged.