South Africa considers compulsory pre-schooling

first_img24 July 2014 The government plans to conduct a review of the relevent legislation that could make it compulsory for all South African children to receive at least two years of pre-school education, says Basic Education Minister Angie Motshekga. Speaking to journalists ahead of her department’s budget vote in Parliament in Cape Town on Wednesday, Motshekga said the country’s National Development Plan (NDP) underlined the need for for all children to have at least two years of pre-school education. “The [African National Congress], in its manifesto, echoes this sentiment of making two years of pre-school education compulsory,” the minister said. “Due to success in rolling out early childhood development (ECD) programmes, a legislative review to make schooling for young people aged five to 15 years compulsory is on the cards.” The minister said that a national curriculum framework for children under the age of four years would be piloted in September and rolled out at registered ECD centres from January 2015. “All preparations, like practitioner training and supply of resources, have already started, and will be completed this calendar year.” Motshekga said the first ever impact evaluation of Grade R on learning outcomes was conducted in 2013, and a report was presented to Cabinet in March. “In response to the recommendations made, a management plan has been approved to strengthen the quality of implementation of Grade R schooling in our country, especially in relation to teaching.”Teacher development ‘a major focus area’ Motshekga also announced that, in line with the NDP’s aim to improve results, especially in maths and science, teacher development would be one of her department’s major focus areas over the next five years. This would include ensuring that the conditions of service, recruitment, deployment and development of teachers was closely monitored and properly implemented. In addition, following a recommendation by President Jacob Zuma, a ministerial task team on reading, maths, science and technology had been integrated into the department’s plans. “All of us involved in this sector know very well that in order for us to improve the quality of our education outcomes, instruction has to improve,” she said. Source: SAnews.gov.zalast_img read more

Considering growing wheat in wide rows?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Growers are interested in wide-row wheat production due to reductions in equipment inventory (i.e., lack of grain drill) and to allow intercropping of soybean into wheat. With funding from the Ohio Small Grains Marketing Program and the Michigan Wheat Program, we’ve conducted row width trials to examine variety selection and seeding rate. Here are some considerations if you plan on growing wheat in wide rows this fall:Variety selectionVariety selection is very important when growing wheat in 15-inch row spacing as yield is influenced by wheat variety. Each year, we conduct a 15-inch wheat variety trial in Wayne and Crawford County. Varieties selected for evaluation in 2015 were the top 25 yielding varieties in the 2014 Ohio Wheat Performance Test. In 2015, varieties averaged 81.2 bushels per acre with a range of 72.0 to 85.1 bushels per acre across both locations. Seeding rate was 25 seeds per foot of row (871,200 seeds per acre) for all varieties. The Ohio Wheat Performance Test for 15-Inch Row Spacing can be found here: http://stepupsoy.osu.edu/node/35.Seeding rateIn the Ohio Wheat Performance Test for 15-Inch Row Spacing, we used a seeding rate of 871,200 seeds per acre. However, many farmers were curious how wide-row wheat yielded at higher seeding rates. Three trials were established during the 2013-2014 growing season and one trial was established during the 2014-2015 growing season in Fulton County to compare wide-row wheat grown at 1 million and 1.5 million seeds per acre to the standard practice of wheat grown in narrow rows at 2 million seeds per acre. Averaged across the four site-years, the standard practice of wheat grown in 7.5-inch row width yielded 15% greater than wheat grown at 15-inch row width. However, there was no difference in yield when wheat was grown at 1.0 and 1.5 million seeds per acre. Planting 1 million seeds per acre was adequate to maximize yield in wide-row wheat production. A draft of the 2014 report can be viewed at: www.go.osu.edu/fultononfarmresearch3. Plant dateWe recommend planting wheat within 10 days of the Hessian Fly Safe Date. Fall wheat growth is reduced when planting is delayed resulting in reduced winter hardiness. The Hessian Fly Safe Date for each county can be found at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/iwy/flydates.html4.Weed controlWide row wheat should be planted into a weed-free seedbed accomplished with tillage or burndown herbicides. With wider row spacing and more sunlight reaching the soil surface, we recommend using an approved post-emergent wheat herbicide in the spring as well. Be sure to observe label restrictions if you plan on a second crop into wheat or after wheat. Herbicides labeled for use in wheat are listed on page 131 of the 2015 Weed Control Guide for Ohio and Indiana found at: http://u.osu.edu/osuweeds/.5. Disease Management in wide-row wheatChanging management practices such as row spacing, planting density (seeding rate), and N-rate may lead to changes in the microclimate within a wheat field. And these changes may affect the spread and development of diseases. As part of the same OSGMP-funded research project, we evaluated the development of foliar and spike diseases in wide-row (15-inch) wheat compared to standard or narrow-row (7.5-inch) wheat. In two of the three years of the study (2014 and 2015), both the average incidence (number of head with scab out of a 100 heads) and severity of head scab (percent of head area with scab symptoms) were higher in 15-inch rows than in 7.5-inch rows.Since our results also showed that wheat grown in 7.5-inch rows generally had higher yields and test weights than wheat grown in 15-inch row, we also evaluated higher N-rates as an option for increasing grain yield and quality in wide-row wheat. In all three years (2013, 2014 and 2015), increasing N resulted in higher leaf rust severity. For instance, in 2015, leaf rust severity was 18% in plots that received 80 pounds of N per acre, 24% in plots that received 120 pounds of N per acre acre, and 31% in plots that received 160 pounds of N per acre. The good news is that a single application of a fungicide (Prosaro), effectively controlled leaf rust (when applied at boot) and suppressed head scab (when applied flowering) in both wide-row and narrow-row wheat. So, is you are thinking of planting wheat in wide rows, you should have a disease management plan, particularly if you plan to use higher N rates.last_img read more

It takes THREE — Geocache of the Week

first_imgFriends are great for laughing, building confidence, and helping to find geocaches. These are the foundations of any true friendship. While we all need a friend to lean on from time to time for a smiley, there are a few caches that require you to bring friends along. For this geocache, it takes two. Difficulty:3Terrain:1.5 Location:Washington, United StatesN 47° 31.965′ W 122° 02.179′ TraditionalGC7WE07by Bouncebouncecenter_img SharePrint RelatedHow to have a ball when creating a geocache: Interview with cache owner Bouncebounce!April 23, 2019In “News”S.P.D. #1 – Welcome! — Geocache of the WeekApril 26, 2017In “Geocache of the Week”Thank a geocaching volunteer dayMay 21, 2019In “Volunteers” Tucked away behind an archaic gas station in Washington state is a Traditional Cache—an expert collaboration between two prominent hiders: Bouncebounce & Goblindust. Both cache owners are electronically adept and have the geocaching acumen to pull something like this off. If you’ve heard these names before, it is no surprise that electronics and buttons are involved to solve this cache.As soon as you walk behind the building, you come face to face with a giant cigar sign: your smoking gun that lets you know there’s a geocache nearby. Even if you spot the container, it isn’t enough. It’s up to you to find six buttons scattered throughout the area. They are inconveniently placed too far away to reach for one or two people to “pole” off, therefore teamwork is essential to clinch this smiley. If your team is in position to press all six buttons at the same time, you’ll be in funny positions and the cache container will magically open to reveal what’s inside. SWAG, trackables, and a ‘sasquatch search agency’ sticker appear,along with the logbook for you and your team to sign.Bouncebounce and Goblindust put their minds together to create this fun and entertaining geocache which promotes teamwork within the community. Reading through the logs on the cache page is a testament to how engaging and thoughtful this geocache is. Goblindust’s creative hides were previously highlighted in our blog, so we’re giving a shout out to Bouncebounce about how he comes up with his creative cache concepts. Look out for the interview tomorrow!Share with your Friends:Morelast_img read more

Is Your Work Your Paycheck or Your Legacy

first_imgThere are some things that you do for money. Other things, bigger, more important things, you do for legacy.You might need a job to survive. A job is something that you do in exchange for money. Work, however, is something different. Work is about your legacy, the difference that you make, your contribution.Legacy is about how you live your purpose. It’s about who you are at your core. It’s about character. It’s about what you do—and what you don’t do.Money provides you with freedom. It provides you with choices. It allows you to, in some ways, make a greater contribution. But it isn’t your legacy.You aren’t King Tut, and no one is going to bury you with your money and your worldly possessions. Your banker isn’t going to attend your funeral (but your lawyer just might). Having your name on a building isn’t legacy, especially if the only contribution you made was financial. A legacy is about much more than how much money you acquire.A paycheck may be necessary; everyone needs money to live. But legacy is optional. Legacy is intentional. It means you have to make a contribution. It requires that you give of yourself something that benefits other people.Legacy doesn’t require that you have a lot of money. It doesn’t require that you are famous (a lot of really famous people are famous for being famous and are leaving no real legacy). Legacy requires that you produce something worthwhile and that that something is passed into the future.You might have a job to make money, but your work is about your legacy. It’s wonderful if your job and your work are the same thing, but if they are not, you need to give yourself over as much as possible to your real work. That’s your legacy. Essential Reading! Get my 3rd book: Eat Their Lunch “The first ever playbook for B2B salespeople on how to win clients and customers who are already being serviced by your competition.” Buy Nowlast_img read more

It helps to be thick-skinned in Bollywood, says Alia Bhatt

first_imgAll of 21, she’s young and versatile unlike others of her generation. Even in terms of dealing with criticism Highway star Alia Bhatt has a mature approach. She says being “thick-skinned” comes in handy.”Criticism and appreciation should be welcome at all times. But it helps to be thick-skinned in the industry,” Alia told IANS over phone from Mumbai when asked how she reacts and handles situations when the audience gives extreme reactions to her work.The actress is very active on social networking platform Twitter, where she interacts with her 1.8 million followers.Nonchalant about the feedback she receives, Alia took to online instant messaging and video chat platform Google Hangout on the evening of July 25 to interact with her fans from Mumbai and Delhi to talk about beauty trends for the season as part of her association with make-up brand Maybelline New York.She found the idea to be “fun”.”We go to different cities all the time to promote our films, but having a virtual interaction via Hangout is different. Technology has made it fun and easy to interact with the audience for feedback on any product – whether it’s a film or a product – as they’re the ones we work for,” Alia said.The actress is very active on social networking platform Twitter, where she interacts with her 1.8 million followers.She is not on Facebook, but when asked if she has a team to manage her Twitter account, she was quick to clarify: “I don’t have a team. I manage the account on my own.”advertisementAlia admits “digital is a massive space” to explore, but she says “it’s important to not get lost in it”.”I feel there has to be a line that you draw between your life and the virtual world,” said the actress, who is the youngest daughter of acclaimed filmmaker Mahesh Bhatt.After making an impressive debut with Karan Johar’s Student Of The Year, Alia has been surprising viewers and critics alike with wonderful performances movie after movie.If she played a brand-conscious, make-up laden and arrogant girl in her debut, Alia left a lasting impression with her powerful act in Highway as a city-slick girl who experiences a sense of freedom and gets a taste of reality only after being abducted.This was followed by her easy portrayal of the fun-loving, carefree and Tamilian girl-in-love with a Punjabi boy in 2 States. Alia has recently also amassed appreciation for Humpty Sharma Ki Dulhania in which she has essayed the role of a fearless girl, who fights to live life her way.From ultra-glamorous to deglam and desi – Alia has sported different looks in each of her films, but she says “it’s too soon” for her to set “fashion trends”.Her association with showbiz notwithstanding, she says “girls have a right on make-up”, but she personally does not like to preach any style or fashion mantra.last_img read more

Stena Line Upgrades Coverage on Baltic Routes

first_imgzoom Swedish ferry operator Stena Line plans to upgrade its services in Central Europe and Scandinavia by implementing a more frequent ferry timetable and introducing an additional ship due to the rapidly increasing demand for the ferry transport. The company intends to focus on Northern Baltic Sea region development, aiming at strengthening its market position in the Baltic Sea with two main routes to Sweden and Germany, according to Erik Thulin, Stena Line’s Trade Director Baltic Sea North.Stena Line said that Ventspils in Latvia will be positioned as the gateway to Scandinavia, thus reinforcing the route Ventspils-Nynäshamn. The ferry Stena Flavia will be permanently redirected to this route, while previously it also operated between Ventspils and German Travemünde. Stena Flavia will operate the route together with Scottish Viking and the number of ferry departures will be increased by 30%, according to the company. Starting from January 3, 2017, 24 crossings per week will be available on this route instead of the usual 18 weekly crossings.The ferry crossing from Ventspils to Travemünde will be redirected to Liepaja, Latvia. In turn, Liepaja will be the main port connecting Latvia to the western part of Central Europe. An additional ferry will be introduced to this route to Germany, increasing the number of crossings by 25%, Stena Line said.Starting from January 3, 2017, the route, to be operated by Urd and Stena Nordica, will provide eight crossings per week. The company said that Stena Nordica will be taken into operation during spring and until then Stena Gothica, operating Göteborg-Frederikshavn, will be a relief ship. The ferry crossing from Liepaja to Swedish Nynäshamn will be transferred to Ventspils.“The changes in ferry routes and schedules constitute a strategically important step in order to develop and reinforce two large and significant transportation corridors – from Ventspils to Scandinavia and from Liepaja to Central Europe,” Erik Thulin said.last_img read more

Join Eve Ensler And Rise For A Fair Wage

first_imgJoin Restaurant Opportunities Centers United (ROC-United), Eve Ensler and One Billion Rising: Revolution and rise for a fair wage.On Tuesday, October 14, Join ROC-United, Eve Ensler, and One Billion Rising in a National Day of Action for ONE FAIR WAGE and an end to gender discrimination and sexual harassment in the restaurant industry.The action will include a flash mob of dancing servers, worker stories from ROC members, and an opportunity for others to share their stories and experiences in the industry.Find out how to take part here.According to organizers: “In today’s economy, families depend on both men and women to make ends meet. Corporations have stacked the deck against us, raking in profits while we struggle with increasing costs and jobs that hardly pay the bills. Women are at the core of the modern economy, but families can’t prosper as long as our laws about work and family are stuck in the past. Our mothers, sisters, and daughters deserve full and fair opportunities to succeed, just like our brothers and sons. It’s time to update our economy to make it work for women and their families, not just for rich corporations. Our families, our economy, and our country depend on it.”last_img read more