Iraq’s constitution sets an end-of-the-year deadline for a referendum on Kirkuk’s status. Since Saddam’s fall four years ago, thousands of Kurds who once lived in the city have resettled there. It is now believed Kurds are a majority of the population and that a referendum on attaching Kirkuk to the Kurdish autonomous zone would pass easily. Justice Minister Hashim al-Shebli said the Cabinet agreed on Thursday to a study group’s recommendation that Arabs who had moved to Kirkuk from other parts of Iraq after July 1968 should be returned to their original towns and paid compensation. Al-Shebli, who had overseen the committee on Kirkuk’s status, said relocation would be voluntary. Those who choose to leave will be paid about $15,000 and given land in their former hometowns. “There will be no coercion, and the decision will not be implemented by force,” al-Shebli told the AP. Tens of thousands of Kurds and non-Arabs fled Kirkuk in the 1980s and 1990s when Saddam’s government implemented its “Arabization” policy. Kurds and non-Arabs were replaced with pro-government Arabs from the mainly Shiite, impoverished south. After the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003, Kurds and other non-Arabs streamed back, only to find their homes were either sold or given to Arabs. Some of the returning Kurds found nowhere to live except in parks and abandoned government buildings. Others drove Arabs from the city, despite pleas from Sunni and Shiite leaders for them to stay. Adil Abdul-Hussein Alami, a 62-year-old Shiite who moved to Kirkuk 23 years ago in return for $1,000 and a free piece of land, said he would find it hard to leave. “Kirkuk is an Iraqi city, and I’m Iraqi,” said the father of nine. “We came here as one family, and now we are four. Our blood is mixed with Kurds and Turkmen.” But Ahmed Salih Zowbaa, a 52-year-old Shiite father of six who moved to the city from Kufa in 1987, agreed with the government’s decision. “We gave our votes to this government and constitution and as long as the government will compensate us, then there is no injustice at all,” he said. A new front There were fears that a referendum that was likely to put Kirkuk, 180 miles north of Baghdad, under Kurdish control could open a new front in the violence that has ravaged Iraq since shortly after the U.S.-led invasion. On March 19, several bombs struck targets in Kirkuk and killed at least 26 people. Also Saturday, figures complied by the AP showed that the U.S. military death toll in March, the first full month of a new security crackdown, was nearly twice that of the Iraqi army, which American and Iraqi officials say is taking the leading role in the latest attempt to curb violence in the capital, surrounding cities and Anbar province. The AP count of U.S. military deaths for the month was 81, including a soldier who died from non-combat causes Saturday. Figures compiled from officials in the Iraqi ministries of defense, health and interior showed the Iraqi military toll was 44. The Iraqi figures showed that 165 Iraqi police were killed in March. Many of the police serve in paramilitary units. Casualty update As of Saturday, at least 3,246 members of the U.S. military have died since the beginning of the Iraq war in March 2003, according to an Associated Press count. The figure includes seven military civilians. At least 2,621 died as a result of hostile action, according to the military’s numbers. The AP count is three higher than the Defense Department’s tally, last updated at 7 a.m. Friday. The British military has reported 134 deaths; Italy, 33; Poland, 19; Ukraine, 18; Bulgaria, 13; Spain, 11; Denmark, six; El Salvador, five; Slovakia, four; Latvia, three; Estonia, Netherlands, Thailand, two each; and Australia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Romania, one death each.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The contentious decision on Kirkuk was confirmed Saturday by Iraq’s Sunni justice minister as he told The Associated Press he was resigning. Almost immediately, opposition politicians said they feared it would harden the violent divisions among Iraq’s fractious ethnic and religious groups and possibly lead to an Iraq divided among Kurds, Sunni Arabs and Shiites. Angry Turkey The plan was virtually certain to anger neighboring Turkey, which fears a northward migration of Iraqi Kurds – and an exodus of Sunni Arabs – will inflame its own restive Kurdish minority. Around Iraq on Saturday, at least 38 people were killed or found dead in a series of bombings and attacks, including nine construction workers who died when gunmen opened fire on their bus south of Kirkuk. The violence capped a week in which more than 500 Iraqis were killed in sectarian violence. The ancient city of Kirkuk has a large minority of ethnic Turks as well as Christians, Shiite and Sunni Arabs, Armenians and Assyrians. The city is just south of the Kurdish autonomous zone stretching across three provinces of northeastern Iraq. BAGHDAD – Iraq’s government has endorsed plans to relocate thousands of Arabs who were moved to Kirkuk as part of Saddam Hussein’s campaign to force ethnic Kurds out of the oil-rich city, in an effort to undo one of the former dictator’s most enduring and hated policies. The Interior Ministry, meanwhile, raised the death toll in last week’s suicide truck bombing of a Shiite market in Tal Afar to 152, which would make it the deadliest single strike since the war started four years ago. A spokesman for the Shiite-dominated ministry, Abdul-Karim Khalaf, said the toll nearly doubled after more bodies were pulled from the rubble in the northwestern city. The U.S. military and the mayor of Tal Afar kept the death toll at 83. But they acknowledged the figure could rise.
By Brittney Johnson, AFRO InternThe Queen’s Girl Rep is a two-part series running at Everyman Theatre in Baltimore. The first part, Queen’s Girl in the World, is a bold and riveting play written by award-winning playwright Caleen Sinnette Jennings. It is a story about a Black girl coming of age in the context of her Queens, NY neighborhood where she lived with protective middle class parents and the predominantly Jewish private school she attended in Greenwich Village. Everyman Theater resident company actress Dawn Ursula is the leading lady in Queens Girl in the World, part one of a two-play repertoire running through June 23. (Photo: violadavis.net)The one-woman show captures a young Jennings’ experience of self exploration and discovery in 1960’s America, becoming adaptable to both environments by excelling in school, and still staying humble and grounded in her own community. Part two of the repertoire, Queens Girl in Africa, continues to chronicle the fish-out-of-water experiences of the of bright-eyed, brown-skinned Jacqueline Marie Butler’ who is faced with mastering “code-switching” after her parents leave the country during the heyday of the Civil Right movement for a life in Nigeria.Jennings talk to the AFRO about the inspiration behind her remarkable play and how Queen’s Girl in the World is a play that will resonate with audiences across the lifespan. Caleen JenningsAFRO: Why did you decide to write this play and the importance behind it?Caleen Jennings: “Well, what I want your readers to know is that person that is nagging you to write about your life, about your family history, and the fabulous stories you tell, listen to them and do it, because this wouldn’t have happened if a friend of mine hadn’t of said, ‘You need to write this down.’”AFRO: Tell us more about Dawn Ursula and what she does in the play?Jennings: Well, the fabulous Dawn Ursula who is in ‘Queens Girl in the World’ dawn plays about 15 different characters in this one-woman show that is loosely based on the events of my life.AFRO: Why would you suggest that we get young women to see this play?Jennings: “Well, the memory that is most vivid for me as an adolescent is that you feel that number one nobody understands you and number two you don’t fit in anywhere The irony is as you grow up is that you realize that, “Oh, everyone feels that way,” but that’s a natural part of adolescence. It’s a very painful and a very difficult time, but it can also be a time where you often feel silly. A time where you often feel ‘I don’t know what’s going on,’ where you feel naïve. A time where you can be bullied and taken advantage of. This is a story of a young woman who comes into herself through these various experiences that she has, how she kind of just weathers the storm. And in the end, is beginning to put the pieces together. So, I think young women may identify with having been in that stage or may be in that stage now.”AFRO: What can people expect to leave with and talk about after seeing Queens Girl in the World?Jennings: “I think you can expect to talk about, well People have told me that they have seen themselves reflected in the characters people say, “Oh, that dad is just like my dad or the mother is just like my mother.” So, I think you’ll see pieces of yourself in the story, and I think you’ll also begin to think about the history that you are living right now. One of the things that was amazing for me I think one of the amazing things for me is, I was just living my life and now looking back on it I’m like, ‘Oh my gosh I was a part of one of those major historical moments.’ Well you are a part of those moments right now and I hope that’ll get people talking about when I look back on this time what will I remember in terms of my life and its historical context.” AFRO: Is there anything else you’d like to share with AFRO readers about how your life has shaped what they can expect to experience in the theater?Jennings: “I spent a lot of time mediating quietly. Taking myself back to my bedroom at 8 Laird Place, Ibadan, Nigeria in Spring 1968. In my short lifetime, I had experienced the assassinations of Malcolm X, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King Jr., and Robert F. Kennedy, and countless African leaders. I remember feeling as if the earth was spinning. I felt surrounded by death, destruction, and corruption. Racism, tribalism, xenophobia, poverty, and violence made me feel frightened and powerless.”The play will be running from May 7-Jun 23 at Everyman Theatre on 315 W. Fayette St. Baltimore, Md.Managing Editor, Tiffany Ginyard contributed to this story.